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Parasitological diseases

Section edited by Honorine Ward & Laith Yakob 

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of parasitological diseases in humans, as well as related studies on molecular and cellular biology, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Technical advance

    Anisakiasis is a fish-borne zoonosis caused by Anisakis spp. larvae. One challenging issue in the diagnosis of anisakiasis is the molecular detection of the etiological agent even at very low quantity, such as in...

    Authors: Simonetta Mattiucci, Michela Paoletti, Alessandra Colantoni, Antonella Carbone, Raffaele Gaeta, Agnese Proietti, Stefano Frattaroli, Paolo Fazii, Fabrizio Bruschi and Giuseppe Nascetti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:530

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a fulminant disease of the brain caused by Naegleria fowleri. Although the disease is rare, the case fatality rate is very high. In this report, we describe the first ...

    Authors: Mashina Chomba, Luchenga A. Mucheleng’anga, Sombo Fwoloshi, Joseph Ngulube and Mable M. Mutengo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:532

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In the wake of a decline in global malaria, it is imperative to describe the epidemiology of malaria in a country to inform control policies. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and c...

    Authors: Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Andreas Latz, Longdoh Anna Njunda and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:499

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Giardia is a leading but neglected cause of infectious gastroenteritis worldwide and is treatable. There is a substantial burden of undetected Giardia in the UK and for every one case ...

    Authors: Alison Waldram, Roberto Vivancos, Catherine Hartley and Kenneth Lamden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:486

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is one of the common worldwide parasitic zoonosis due to Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can result in fetal and neonatal death or various congenital defects. The aim o...

    Authors: Sanata Bamba, Mamoudou Cissé, Ibrahim Sangaré, Adama Zida, Souleymane Ouattara and Robert T. Guiguemdé

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:482

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis is a disease of public health importance with long term complications mostly common among children, rural dwellers, poor and migrant workers. Studies have not documented the burden among migran...

    Authors: Obioma Uchendu, Victoria Oladoyin, Michael Idowu, Oluwapelumi Adeyera, Oluwatosin Olabisi, Oluwafisayomi Oluwatosin and Gbemisola Leigh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:487

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans by sandflies. The diagnosis of leishmaniasis is often challenging as it mimics many other infectious or mali...

    Authors: Gilles Darcis, Gert Van der Auwera, Jean-Baptiste Giot, Marie-Pierre Hayette, Françoise Tassin, Jorge Arrese Estrada, Lieselotte Cnops, Michel Moutschen, Laurence de Leval and Philippe Leonard

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:478

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  8. Content type: Case report

    We present one unusual case of anophthalmia and craniofacial cleft, probably due to congenital toxoplasmosis only.

    Authors: Gabriel Emmanuel Arce-Estrada, Valeria Gómez-Toscano, Carlos Cedillo-Peláez, Ana Luisa Sesman-Bernal, Vanessa Bosch-Canto, José Luis Mayorga-Butrón, José Antonio Vargas-Villavicencio and Dolores Correa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:459

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The neglected zoonotic diseases (NZD) are an understudied group that are a major cause of illness throughout the developing world. In general, little is known about the prevalence and burden of NZDs in affecte...

    Authors: Eric M. Fèvre, William A. de Glanville, Lian F. Thomas, Elizabeth A. J. Cook, Samuel Kariuki and Claire N. Wamae

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:457

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Plasmodium falciparum infection can progress unpredictably to severe forms including respiratory distress and cerebral malaria. The mechanisms underlying the variable natural course of...

    Authors: Jean Claude Biteghe Bi Essone, Nadine N’Dilimabaka, Julien Ondzaga, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki, Dieudonné Nkoghe Mba, Philippe Deloron, Dominique Mazier, Frédrérick Gay and Fousseyni S. Touré Ndouo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:454

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex and neglected zoonotic disease. CE occurs worldwide. In humans, it may result in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic infection...

    Authors: Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Ángela Romero-Alegría, Moncef Belhassen-García, Montserrat Alonso-Sardón, Carmen Esteban-Velasco, Amparo López-Bernús, Adela Carpio-Perez, Marcelo Fernando Jimenez López, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Antonio Muro, Miguel Cordero-Sanchez, Javier Pardo-Lledias and Luis Muñoz-Bellvis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:455

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia is common in malaria. It is important to quantitate the risk of anaemia and to distinguish factors related to the natural history of disease from potential drug toxicity.

    Authors: Julien Zwang, Umberto D’Alessandro, Jean-Louis Ndiaye, Abdoulaye A Djimdé, Grant Dorsey, Andreas A Mårtensson, Corine Karema and Piero L. Olliaro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:443

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    This paper studies the effect of mosquito abundance and malaria incidence in the last 3 weeks, and their interaction, on the hazard of time to malaria in a previously studied cohort of children in Ethiopia.

    Authors: Denekew Bitew Belay, Yehenew Getachew Kifle, Ayele Taye Goshu, Jon Michael Gran, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Luc Duchateau and Arnoldo Frigessi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:415

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Anisakis and Pseudoterranova are the main genera involved in human infections caused by nematodes of the Anisakidae family. Species identification is complicated due to the lack of dif...

    Authors: Julie Brunet, Bernard Pesson, Maude Royant, Jean-Philippe Lemoine, Alexander W. Pfaff, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Hélène Yera, Emilie Fréalle, Jean Dupouy-Camet, Gema Merino-Espinosa, Magdalena Gómez-Mateos, Joaquina Martin-Sanchez and Ermanno Candolfi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:397

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are alternative methods for microscopy in the diagnosis of malaria in resource limited settings. Among commercially available RDTs, CareStart™ Malaria test was found to show relia...

    Authors: Daniel Getacher Feleke, Shambel Tarko and Haftom Hadush

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:399

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    In Vietnam, no systematic prenatal toxoplasmosis screening is in place, and only few studies have assessed the prevalence and importance of this zoonotic parasite infection. In addition, no studies have been c...

    Authors: G. Suzanne A. Smit, Thi Lam Binh Vu, Trung Dung Do, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Elizaveta Padalko, Ellen Roets and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:364

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections are still one of the major health concerns in developing countries. Monitoring of intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors are essential for intervention strat...

    Authors: Tamirat Hailegebriel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:362

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Faint test bands of Paracheck Pf.® are interpreted as malaria positive according to world health organization (WHO) guideline. However if there are conspicuous number of faint test bands, a performance of Para...

    Authors: Ryoko Makuuchi, Sandy Jere, Nobuchika Hasejima, Thoms Chigeda and January Gausi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:317

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Strongyloidiasis is a chronic parasitic infection caused by Strongyloides stercoralis. Severe cases such as, hyperinfection syndrome (HS) and disseminated strongyloidiasis (DS), can involve pulmonary manifestatio...

    Authors: Daijiro Nabeya, Shusaku Haranaga, Gretchen Lynn Parrott, Takeshi Kinjo, Saifun Nahar, Teruhisa Tanaka, Tetsuo Hirata, Akira Hokama, Masao Tateyama and Jiro Fujita

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:320

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Intravascular hemolysis is an intrinsic feature of severe malaria pathophysiology but the pathogenic role of cell-free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative stress in severe malaria associated acute kidney injury (AKI...

    Authors: Katherine Plewes, Hugh W.F. Kingston, Aniruddha Ghose, Richard J. Maude, M. Trent Herdman, Stije J. Leopold, Haruhiko Ishioka, Md. Mahtab Uddin Hasan, Md. Shafiul Haider, Shamsul Alam, Kim A. Piera, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Kamolrat Silamut, Tsin W. Yeo, Md. Abul Faiz, Sue J Lee…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:313

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Following its recent certification as malaria-free, imported infections now pose the greatest threat for maintaining this status in Sri Lanka. Imported infections may also introduce species that are uncommon o...

    Authors: Sharmini Gunawardena, Rachel F. Daniels, Thishan C. Yahathugoda, Mirani V. Weerasooriya, Katelyn Durfee, Sarah K. Volkman, Dyann F. Wirth and Nadira D. Karunaweera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:307

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in pediatric severe malarial anemia (SMA) pathogenesis is a crucial step in the design of novel therapeutics. Identification of host genetic suscepti...

    Authors: Elly O. Munde, Evans Raballah, Winnie A. Okeyo, John M. Ong’echa, Douglas J. Perkins and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:291

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Naturally-acquired immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria develops after several episodes of infection. Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs) bind to immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and mediate phagocytosis of opsonize...

    Authors: Elly O. Munde, Winnie A. Okeyo, Evans Raballah, Samuel B. Anyona, Tom Were, John M. Ong’echa, Douglas J. Perkins and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:289

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  24. Content type: Technical advance

    Analysis of the stool samples is an essential part of routine diagnostics of the helminthes infections. However, the standard methods such Kato and Kato-Katz utilize only a fraction of the information availabl...

    Authors: Sarantos Kostidis, Daria Kokova, Natalia Dementeva, Irina V. Saltykova, Hye Kyong Kim, Young Hae Choi and Oleg A. Mayboroda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:275

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  25. Content type: Research article

    While the macrophage polarization is well characterized in helminth infections, the natural heterogeneity of monocytes with multiple cell phenotypes might influence the outcome of neglected diseases, such hook...

    Authors: Lívia Silva Araújo Passos, Pedro Henrique Gazzinelli-Guimarães, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, Ana Clara Gazzinelli Guimarães, Denise da Silveira Lemos, Natasha Delaqua Ricci, Ricardo Gonçalves, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara and Lilian Lacerda Bueno

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:253

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Low-dose primaquine is a key candidate for use in malaria transmission reduction and elimination campaigns such as mass drug administration (MDA). Uncertainty about the therapeutic dose range (TDR) required fo...

    Authors: Daniel Joseph Hayes, Clifford George Banda, Alexandra Chipasula-Teleka and Dianne Janette Terlouw

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:254

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis, one of the neglected tropical diseases, is endemic in more than 70 countries. However, the clinical diagnosis of patients with a low degree of infection is an unsolved...

    Authors: Kongzhen Gu, Yuesheng Li, Patrick Driguez, Qingren Zeng, Xinlin Yu, Hui Sun, Liting Cai, Yongkang He, Wenyang Wang and Donald P. McManus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:244

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Leishmaniasis is a spectrum of diseases with great relevance to public health. Conventional diagnostic methods are time consuming, needing trained personnel. A robust, rapid and cost effective diagnostic test ...

    Authors: Sandeep Verma, Ruchi Singh, Vanila Sharma, Ram Avtar Bumb, Narendra Singh Negi, V Ramesh and Poonam Salotra

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:223

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and is characterized by heart failure and sudden death. Identifying which factors are involved in evolution and treatment response is actually challengi...

    Authors: Héctor Rodríguez-Angulo, Juan Marques, Ivan Mendoza, Marco Villegas, Alfredo Mijares, Núria Gironès and Manuel Fresno

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:221

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about the link of T. gondii infection and depression. Through an age-, gender-, and month of pregnancy-matched case-control study, we determined the association of T. gondii infection and dep...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Ana Liliana Martínez-Martínez, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Juan Manuel Castillo-Orona, Carlos Salas-Martínez, Antonio Sifuentes-Álvarez, Ada Agustina Sandoval-Carrillo, José M. Salas-Pacheco, Oliver Liesenfeld and Elizabeth Irasema Antuna-Salcido

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:190

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Clinical manifestations of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania (Viannia) range from asymptomatic infection to self-limited, or chronic (non-healing) cutaneous lesions. Given the critical role of the...

    Authors: Angélica Mera-Ramírez, Andrés Castillo, Yenifer Orobio, María Adelaida Gómez and Carolina Gallego-Marin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:177

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an important and potentially fatal neglected tropical disease. The aim of this study was to investigate hyponatremia and risk factors for death among VL patients.

    Authors: Elizabeth De Francesco Daher, Douglas de Sousa Soares, Sérgio Luiz Arruda Parente Filho, Gdayllon Cavalcante Meneses, Tainá Veras de Sandes Freitas, Tacyano Tavares Leite and Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:168

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Current diagnostic methods for Schistosoma japonicum infection are insensitive for low-density infections. Therefore, a new diagnostic assay based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) technology was esta...

    Authors: Weiwei Xing, Xinling Yu, Jingtao Feng, Kui Sun, Wenliang Fu, Yuanyuan Wang, Minji Zou, Wenrong Xia, Zhihong Luo, Hongbin He, Yuesheng Li and Donggang Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:164

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Early rising asexual parasitaemia (ERAP), initially defined as ‘an increase in the parasite count over the baseline pre-treatment level during the first 24 h of treatment’ of falciparum malaria with artemisini...

    Authors: Akintunde Sowunmi, Kazeem Akano, Adejumoke I. Ayede, Elsie O. Adewoye, Godwin Ntadom, Bayo Fatunmbi, Grace O. Gbotosho, Onikepe A. Folarin and Christian T. Happi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:110

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Neurocysticercosis is endemic in most countries of Central and South America but has rarely been described in the French West Indies. We aimed to better understand the clinical and radiological presentation of...

    Authors: R. Blaizot, B. Melot, K. Schepers, M. Nicolas, S. Gaumond, P. Poullain, L. Belaye, A. Lannuzel and B. Hoen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:106

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), a protozoan infectious disease, is very rare in Iran despite the endemicity of both cutaneous and visceral forms. It is transmitted by the Phlebotomus sand fly. The lip is consi...

    Authors: Iraj Mohammadpour, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Farhad Handjani and Gholam Reza Hatam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:96

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoan disease, which is responsible for 200.000–400.000 yearly infections worldwide. If left untreated, the fatality rate can be as high as 100% within 2 years. 90% of case...

    Authors: Anna Eichenberger, Annina E. Buechi, Andreas Neumayr, Chistroph Hatz, Andri Rauch, Marc Huguenot, Eva Diamantis-Karamitopoulou and Cornelia Staehelin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:81

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite with a broad host range including most warm-blooded animals, including humans. T. gondii surface antigen 1...

    Authors: Yali Han, Aihua Zhou, Gang Lu, Guanghui Zhao, Lin Wang, Jingjing Guo, Pengxia Song, Jian Zhou, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong and Shenyi He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:59

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  39. Content type: Debate

    Bidirectional signalling between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract is regulated at neural, hormonal, and immunological levels. Recent studies have shown that helminth infections can alter the normal gut...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Bradley Brennan, Laith Yakob, Gabriel Milinovich, Archie C. A. Clements and Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:58

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Sri Lanka achieved the WHO certificate as a malaria free country in September 2016, thus monitoring of malaria transmission using sensitive and effective tools is an important need. Use of age-specific antibod...

    Authors: Rajika Lasanthi Dewasurendra, Janaka Nandana Dias, Nuno Sepulveda, Geethika Sharmini Abayaweera Gunawardena, Naduviladath Chandrasekharan, Chris Drakeley and Nadira Dharshani Karunaweera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:49

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is a neglected zoonotic disease which is prevalent among pregnant women especially in Africa. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence and determinants of the disease among pregnant women...

    Authors: Christiana Frimpong, Mpundu Makasa, Lungowe Sitali and Charles Michelo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:10

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence studies report Taenia solium cysticercosis in pig and human populations in Uganda. However, the factors influencing occurrence in smallholder pig production systems are not well documented and little i...

    Authors: Joseph M. Kungu, Michel M. Dione, Francis Ejobi, Michael Ocaido and Delia Grace

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:1

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Amoebic liver abscess is the most common extra intestinal manifestation of amoebiasis in tropical countries. It usually presents with right hypochondrial pain, fever and anorexia. Amoebic liver abscess has gai...

    Authors: Vithiya Ratnasamy, Kumanan Thirunavukarasu, Kannathasan Selvam and Murugananthan Arumugam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:741

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Clonorchiasis remains an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide. The molecular mechanisms of host-parasite interaction are not fully understood. Non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) are considered to be key r...

    Authors: Su Han, Qiaoran Tang, Xi Lu, Rui Chen, Yihong Li, Jing Shu, Xiaoli Zhang and Jianping Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:724

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Parasitic infections are still a significant health problem in rural areas in developing countries including Iran. There is no recent population-based data about the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in...

    Authors: Bahador Sarkari, Ghasem Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Mohammad Fararouei and Abdolali Moshfe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:703

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The current roll-out of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) in many endemic countries has resulted in the reporting of fewer cases of malaria-attributed illnesses. However, lack of knowledge of the prevalence of oth...

    Authors: Olivia A. Achonduh-Atijegbe, Kenji O. Mfuh, Aristid H. E. Mbange, Jean P. Chedjou, Diane W. Taylor, Vivek R. Nerurkar, Wilfred F. Mbacham and Rose Leke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:658

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Information about improvements in the health status of population at-risk of helminth infection after anthelminthic treatment helps to evaluate the effectiveness of the large scale deworming program. The objec...

    Authors: Yonas Yimam, Abraham Degarege and Berhanu Erko

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:613

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