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BMC Infectious Diseases

HIV and co-infections

Section edited by Carlo Torti and Andrea De Luca

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of HIV and HIV-associated infections in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section also aims to publish studies on the adverse events of HAART and non HIV-related comorbidities in the HAART era.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Kynurenine/Tryptophan ratio (KTR) is increased in HIV infection, and linked to immune activation. We hypothesized that early cART initiation results in lower KTR compared to late initiation. Furthermore, we hy...

    Authors: Marco Gelpi, Hans J. Hartling, Per M. Ueland, Henrik Ullum, Marius Trøseid and Susanne D. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:349

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Intravaginal practices (IVP) (cleansing or introducing products inside the vagina for hygiene, health or to please sexual partners) are common among women with HIV. IVP increase the risk of developing bacteria...

    Authors: Maria L. Alcaide, Maureen Chisembele, Emeria Malupande, Violeta J. Rodriguez, Margaret A. Fischl, Kristopher Arheart and Deborah L. Jones

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:338

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  3. Content type: Research article

    With ambitious new UNAIDS targets to end AIDS by 2030, and new WHO treatment guidelines, there is increased interest in the best way to scale-up ART coverage. We investigate the cost-effectiveness of various A...

    Authors: Nicky McCreesh, Ioannis Andrianakis, Rebecca N. Nsubuga, Mark Strong, Ian Vernon, Trevelyan J. McKinley, Jeremy E. Oakley, Michael Goldstein, Richard Hayes and Richard G. White

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:322

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Despite the growing number of people on antiretroviral therapy (ART), there is limited information about virological non-suppression and its determinants among HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals enrolled in HIV c...

    Authors: Lilian Bulage, Isaac Ssewanyana, Victoria Nankabirwa, Fred Nsubuga, Christine Kihembo, Gerald Pande, Alex R. Ario, Joseph KB Matovu, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and Charles Kiyaga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:326

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The burden of these co-infections in sub-Saharan Africa is still unclear....

    Authors: Justine Umutesi, Bryony Simmons, Jean D. Makuza, Donatha Dushimiyimana, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Jean Marie Uwimana, Nathan Ford, Edward J. Mills and Sabin Nsanzimana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:315

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, however little is known about the burden of CVD among this population in Asia. We sought to quantify prevalence of C...

    Authors: Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song and Taisheng Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:287

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  7. Content type: Research article

    There are few studies focus on the factors underlying the late initiation of ART in China. We analyzed the trends in the median CD4 cell counts among different patient groups over time and the risk factors for...

    Authors: Jianjun Sun, Li Liu, Jiayin Shen, Panpan Chen and Hongzhou Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:285

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  8. Content type: Research article

    HIV is increasingly considered a chronic illness. More individuals are living longer and aging with the health-related consequences associated with HIV and multi-morbidity. Exercise is a self-management approa...

    Authors: Kelly K. O’Brien, Anne-Marie Tynan, Stephanie A. Nixon and Richard H. Glazier

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:268

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Heterosexual intercourse accounted for 93% of reported HIV cases in Guangxi, and Guangxi had 10% of China’s total number of reported HIV cases. Older men are particularly vulnerable to STIs, for example, 46% o...

    Authors: Li Chen, Jenny H. His, Xinghua Wu, Zhiyong Shen, Huaxiang Lu, Huanhuan Chen, Hui Huang, Heng Zhang, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao and Zhenzhu Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:269

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The present study aimed to describe the genetic diversity of HIV-1, as well as the resistance profile of the viruses identified in HIV-1 infected pregnant women under antiretroviral therapy in the state of Par...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado, Iran Barros Costa, Maria Nazaré Folha, Anderson Levy Bessa da Luz, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak and Marluisa Oliveira Guimarães Ishak

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:270

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol abuse is an important public health problem, frequently unrecognized among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), and requires investigation and intervention. It is usually associated with lower adherenc...

    Authors: Cláudio Moss da Silva, Raúl Andrés Mendoza-Sassi, Luisa Dias da Mota, Maíba Mikhael Nader and Ana Maria Barral de Martinez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:263

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Whether the non-inferior efficacy and safety results of switching virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients from nevirapine immediate-release (NVP-IR) to NVP extended-release (NVP-XR) demonstrated in th...

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Lee, Hui-Min Chang, Calvin M Kunin, Susan Shin-Jung Lee, Yao-Shen Chen and Hung-Chin Tsai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:261

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Atazanavir/ritonavir and darunavir/ritonavir are common protease inhibitor-based regimens for treating patients with HIV. Studies comparing these drugs in clinical practice are lacking.

    Authors: Tony Antoniou, Leah Szadkowski, Sharon Walmsley, Curtis Cooper, Ann N. Burchell, Ahmed M. Bayoumi, Julio S. G. Montaner, Mona Loutfy, Marina B. Klein, Nima Machouf, Christos Tsoukas, Alexander Wong, Robert S. Hogg and Janet Raboud

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:266

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  14. Content type: Research article

    By assessing the changes in concentration of soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor κ B ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegrin (OPG) after initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in treatment-...

    Authors: Inger Hee Mathiesen, Mohammad Salem, Jan Gerstoft, Julie Christine Gaardbo, Niels Obel, Court Pedersen, Henrik Ullum, Susanne Dam Nielsen and Ann-Brit Eg Hansen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:262

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The presence of the HLA-B*57:01 allele in HIV-infected subjects is associated with a higher risk of abacavir-associated hypersensitivity reaction (ABC HSR). HLA-B*57:01 allele prevalence varies in different po...

    Authors: Catherine Butkus Small, David A. Margolis, Mark S. Shaefer and Lisa L. Ross

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:256

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has reduced mortality from AIDS-related illnesses and chronic comorbidities have become prevalent among HIV-infected patients. We examined the association between hepa...

    Authors: Carmine Rossi, Janet Raboud, Sharon Walmsley, Curtis Cooper, Tony Antoniou, Ann N. Burchell, Mark Hull, Jason Chia, Robert S. Hogg, Erica E.M. Moodie and Marina B. Klein

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:246

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in both HIV infection and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the general population has been described. Little is known about the combined effect of HIV infe...

    Authors: Malene Hove-Skovsgaard, Julie Christine Gaardbo, Lilian Kolte, Kamilla Winding, Ingebjørg Seljeflot, Asbjørn Svardal, Rolf Kristian Berge, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum, Marius Trøseid and Susanne Dam Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:234

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Levels of non-neutralising antibodies (AB) to the C5 domain of HIV Env gp120 are inversely related to progression of HIV infection. In this phase I/II clinical study we investigated safety of Vacc-C5, a peptid...

    Authors: Kristin Brekke, Maja Sommerfelt, Mats Ökvist, Anne Margarita Dyrhol-Riise and Dag Kvale

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:228

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The outcome of CMV/HIV co-infection in infants treated early with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in resource-limited settings has not been described.

    Authors: Anfumbom K. W. Kfutwah, Paul Alain T. Ngoupo, Casimir Ledoux Sofeu, Francis Ateba Ndongo, Georgette Guemkam, Suzie Tetang Ndiang, Félicité Owona, Ida Calixte Penda, Patrice Tchendjou, Christine Rouzioux, Josiane Warszawski, Albert Faye and Mathurin Cyrille Tejiokem

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:224

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) constitutes a significant source of mortality in resource-limited regions. Cryptococcal antigen (CRAG) can be detected in the blood before onset of meningitis. We sought to determi...

    Authors: Anu Ramachandran, Yukari Manabe, Radha Rajasingham and Maunank Shah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:225

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