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HIV and co-infections

Section edited by Carlo Torti and Andrea De Luca

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of HIV and HIV-associated infections in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section also aims to publish studies on the adverse events of HAART and non HIV-related comorbidities in the HAART era.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Sexual transmission of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in men who have sex with men (MSM) and its interaction with HIV status, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour is poorly understood. We assessed the...

    Authors: Nicholas A. Medland, Eric P. F. Chow, Catriona S. Bradshaw, Timothy H. R. Read, Joseph J. Sasadeusz and Christopher K. Fairley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:185

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Reactivation of occult or inactive Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during immunosuppressant treatments is well known and widely described in literature. The same observation has been made in Hepatitis C (HCV...

    Authors: Gabriele Fabbri, Ilaria Mastrorosa, Alessandra Vergori, Valentina Mazzotta, Carmela Pinnetti, Susanna Grisetti, Mauro Zaccarelli, Adriana Ammassari and Andrea Antinori

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:182

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  3. Content type: Research article

    HIV testing among risk groups and guided by HIV indicator conditions (IC) is widely recommended by European guidelines. In this study we investigated how these strategies are used by general practitioners (GP)...

    Authors: Ivo K. Joore, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Kees Brinkman, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen and Jan M. Prins

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:178

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Non-HIV/AIDS-related diseases are gaining prominence as important causes of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare changes over time in ...

    Authors: Oghenowede Eyawo, Conrado Franco-Villalobos, Mark W. Hull, Adriana Nohpal, Hasina Samji, Paul Sereda, Viviane D. Lima, Jeannie Shoveller, David Moore, Julio S. G. Montaner and Robert S. Hogg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:174

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Few low-income countries have virological monitoring widely available. We estimated the virological durability of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) after five years of follow-up among adult Ugandan and Z...

    Authors: David I. Dolling, Ruth L. Goodall, Michael Chirara, James Hakim, Peter Nkurunziza, Paula Munderi, David Eram, Dinah Tumukunde, Moira J. Spyer, Charles F. Gilks, Pontiano Kaleebu, David T. Dunn and Deenan Pillay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:160

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The potential for HIV transmission between a pregnant woman and her unborn child was first recognized in 1982. Since then a complex package of measures to reduce risk has been developed. This project aims to r...

    Authors: S. Raffe, H. Curtis, P. Tookey, H. Peters, A. Freedman and Y. Gilleece

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:158

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  7. Content type: Research article

    HIV+ patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with suppressed viral loads have a low incidence of HIV-associated dementia, but increased prevalence of milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognit...

    Authors: Isaac H. Solomon, Umberto De Girolami, Sukrutha Chettimada, Vikas Misra, Elyse J. Singer and Dana Gabuzda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:151

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Visceral Leishmaniasis coinfection with HIV/AIDS has emerged as a series of disease pattern. It most often results in unfavorable responses to treatment, frequent relapses, and deaths. Scarce data is available...

    Authors: Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin and Abebaw Gebayehu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:152

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is a serious public health problem worldwide. It is the leading cause of death amongst people living with HIV, and default from tuberculosis (TB) treatment in people living with HIV increases the ...

    Authors: R Cunha, M Maruza, UR Montarroyos, I Coimbra, D de B Miranda-Filho, M de F Albuquerque, HR Lacerda and RAA Ximenes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:137

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis/Human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) co-infection is bidirectional and synergistic which mainly affects interventions that have been taken on the area. Tb patients co-infected with HIV have poore...

    Authors: Yenework Sinshaw, Shitaye Alemu, Abel Fekadu and Mucheye Gizachew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:132

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In the last 20 years routine T CD4+ lymphocyte (CD4+) cell count has proved to be a key factor to determine the stage of HIV infection and start or discontinue of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. Howe...

    Authors: Antonio Di Biagio, Marta Ameri, Davide Sirello, Giovanni Cenderello, Enrico Di Bella, Lucia Taramasso, Barbara Giannini, Mauro Giacomini, Claudio Viscoli, Giovanni Cassola and Marcello Montefiori

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:127

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection may cause extrapulmonary disease in HIV-infected adults, HIV-associated hepatic TB has been poorly characterized. Our objective was to describe hepatic TB in HIV...

    Authors: Lilishia Gounder, Pravikrishnen Moodley, Paul K. Drain, Andrew J. Hickey and Mahomed-Yunus S. Moosa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:115

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Data on the burden of dysglycemia among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Africa are limited. We determined the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes among HIV-infected patients who st...

    Authors: George PrayGod, John Changalucha, Saidi Kapiga, Robert Peck, Jim Todd and Suzanne Filteau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:103

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Hyponatremia is a frequent electrolyte disorder in HIV-infected patients with a prevalence of up to 56% in the pre-cART era. Several studies have demonstrated that patients with hyponatremia are at an increase...

    Authors: Philippe Braconnier, Marc Delforge, Maria Garjau, Karl Martin Wissing and Stéphane De Wit

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:98

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  15. Content type: Research article

    HIV-1 subtype C demonstrates several biological properties distinct from other viral subtypes. One such variation is the duplication of PTAP motif in p6 Gag. PTAP motif is a key player in viral budding. Here, ...

    Authors: Shilpee Sharma, Shambhu G. Aralaguppe, Melissa-Rose Abrahams, Carolyn Williamson, Clive Gray, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Shanmugam Saravanan, Kailapuri G. Murugavel, Suniti Solomon and Udaykumar Ranga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:95

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and depression are key vulnerabilities for HIV in Uganda, and taken together may have a synergistic effect on risk. Our objective was to investigate the associatio...

    Authors: Susan M. Kiene, Haruna Lule, Katelyn M. Sileo, Kazi Priyanka Silmi and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:88

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although HIV and syphilis co-infection has been frequently observed in men who have sex with men (MSM), only few studies have focused on it. Different subgroups of MSM might exhibit heterogeneous HIV and syphi...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Zhenzhou Luo, Ruiwei Xu, Guanglu Zhao, Dan Tu, Lin Yang, Feng Wang, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Fuchang Hong, Tubao Yang and Tiejian Feng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:86

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  18. Content type: Case report

    HIV-infected patients may present an unforeseen clinical worsening after initiating antiretroviral therapy known as immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). This syndrome is characterized by a heigh...

    Authors: Rita Rb-Silva, Claudia Nobrega, Eugénia Reiriz, Soraia Almeida, Rui Sarmento-Castro, Margarida Correia-Neves and Ana Horta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:66

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Chronic HIV infection is associated with low-level inflammation and increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. The objective was to assess the effects of moderate intensity exercise on metabolic and inf...

    Authors: Matteo Bonato, Laura Galli, Laura Passeri, Valeria Longo, Gaspare Pavei, Simona Bossolasco, Cecilia Bertocchi, Massimo Cernuschi, Giuseppe Balconi, Giampiero Merati, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonio La Torre and Paola Cinque

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:61

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  20. Content type: Research article

    People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have not yet initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) can benefit from being engaged in care and utilizing preventive interventions. Community-based peer...

    Authors: April Monroe, Gertrude Nakigozi, William Ddaaki, Jeremiah Mulamba Bazaale, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, Steven J. Reynolds, Caitlin E. Kennedy and Larry W. Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:54

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Statin use is associated with a modest increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) among the general population. However, HIV-infected patients have a higher risk of developing DM, and it is unc...

    Authors: Vincenzo Spagnuolo, Laura Galli, Andrea Poli, Stefania Salpietro, Nicola Gianotti, Piermarco Piatti, Francesca Cossarini, Concetta Vinci, Elisabetta Carini, Adriano Lazzarin and Antonella Castagna

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:43

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    There is growing evidence of an interaction between HIV-infection, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Epidemiological studies in Europe and North America have been observing a shi...

    Authors: Hans Strijdom, Patrick De Boever, Gerhard Walzl, M. Faadiel Essop, Tim S. Nawrot, Ingrid Webster, Corli Westcott, Nyiko Mashele, Frans Everson, Stephanus T. Malherbe, Kim Stanley, Harald H. Kessler, Evelyn Stelzl and Nandu Goswami

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:41

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  23. Content type: Research article

    CCR5 coreceptor using HIV-1 subtype C (HIV-1C) has been reported to dominate the Ethiopian epidemic. However, almost all data have been obtained from two large cities in the central and north-west regions and ...

    Authors: Amare Worku Kalu, Nigus Fikrie Telele, Solomon Gebreselasie, Daniel Fekade, Samir Abdurahman, Gaetano Marrone and Anders Sönnerborg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:37

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Despite the success in promoting condom use in commercial relationships, condom use with regular, noncommercial partners remains low among key populations in Cambodia. This study explores factors associated in...

    Authors: Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim and Carinne Brody

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:20

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Recent serological studies indicate that hepatitis E virus (HEV) is endemic in industrialised countries. The increasing trend in the number of autochthonous cases of HEV genotype 3 in Western European countrie...

    Authors: Arianne B. van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Wim van der Hoek, Floor Borlée, Dick J. J. Heederik, Sofie H. Mooi, Catharina B. M. Maassen, C. Joris Yzermans, Barry Rockx, Lidwien A. M. Smit and Johan H. J. Reimerink

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:21

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis and HIV co-epidemics are problems in many parts of the world. Xinjiang is a high tuberculosis and HIV prevalence area in China. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and cure rate of tuberculosis...

    Authors: Rena Maimaiti, Yuexin Zhang, Kejun Pan, Peierdun Mijiti, Maimaitiali Wubili, Maimaitijiang Musa and Rune Andersson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:15

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In low-income countries (LICs), HIV sentinel surveillance surveys (HIV-SSS) are recommended in between two demographic and health surveys, due to low-cost than the latter. Using the classical unlinked anonymou...

    Authors: Serge C. Billong, Jacob Dee, Joseph Fokam, Georges Nguefack-Tsague, Gabriel L. Ekali, Raoul Fodjo, Edith S. Temgoua, Edson-Joan Billong, Samuel M. Sosso, Jembia J. Mosoko, Francisca Monebenimp, Alexis Ndjolo, Anne-Cecile Z-K. Bissek, Omotayo Bolu and Jean-Bosco N. Elat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:3

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) pandemic has exacerbated tuberculosis disease especially in Sub-Saharan African countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) and Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (U...

    Authors: Mahlet Semu, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Girmay Medhin and Dawit Assefa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:5

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Ukraine’s injecting drug use-driven HIV epidemic is among the most severe in Europe with high burden of HCV co-infection. HIV/HCV co-infected individuals are at elevated risk of HCV-related morbidity, but litt...

    Authors: Heather Bailey, Nataliya Nizova, Violeta Martsynovska, Alla Volokha, Ruslan Malyuta, Mario Cortina-Borja and Claire Thorne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:755

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Australia has increased coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART) over the past decade, reaching 73% uptake in 2014. While ART reduces AIDS-related deaths, accumulating evidence suggests that it could also bo...

    Authors: D. Callander, M. Stoové, A. Carr, J. F. Hoy, K. Petoumenos, M. Hellard, J. Elliot, D. J. Templeton, S. Liaw, D. P. Wilson, A. Grulich, D. A. Cooper, A. Pedrana, B. Donovan, J. McMahon, G. Prestage…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:752

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  31. Content type: Case report

    HIV genetic diversity implicates major challenges for the control of viral infection by the immune system and for the identification of an effective immunotherapeutic strategy. With the present case report we ...

    Authors: Paolo Palma, Paola Zangari, Claudia Alteri, Hyppolite K. Tchidjou, Emma Concetta Manno, Giuseppina Liuzzi, Carlo Federico Perno, Paolo Rossi, Ada Bertoli and Stefania Bernardi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:742

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although early presentation to HIV-care is essential to ensure timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy, recent studies have shown that especially migrants present to HIV-care at a later stage of HIV-infect...

    Authors: Nadine Zeitlmann, Barbara Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Christian Kollan and Matthias an der Heiden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:739

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Timely and enduring access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) by HIV-infected individuals has been shown to substantially reduce HIV transmission risk, HIV-related morbidity and mortality. However, there is evide...

    Authors: Augustine Ankomah, John Kuumuori Ganle, Margaret Yaa Lartey, Awewura Kwara, Priscilla Awo Nortey, Michael Perry Kweku Okyerefo and Amos Kankponang Laar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:738

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  34. Content type: Research article

    HIV is the leading cause of death among adults in sub-Saharan Africa. However, mortality along the HIV care continuum is poorly described. We combine demographic, epidemiologic, and health services data to est...

    Authors: Eran Bendavid, David Stauffer, Eric Remera, Sabin Nsanzimana, Steve Kanters and Edward J. Mills

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:728

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The preferred regimen for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is based mainly on safety and tolerability because it is given to immunocompetent people without HIV infection for a limited time (28 days). The fr...

    Authors: Nadia Valin, Laurent Fonquernie, Anne Daguenel, Pauline Campa, Theresita Anthony, Marguerite Guiguet, Pierre Marie Girard and Marie Caroline Meyohas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:718

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Modern combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival for people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Non-AIDS comorbidities have replaced opportunistic infections as leading causes of mortality and morb...

    Authors: Andreas Ronit, Judith Haissman, Ditte Marie Kirkegaard-Klitbo, Thomas Skårup Kristensen, Anne-Mette Lebech, Thomas Benfield, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum, Lars Køber, Andreas Kjær, Klaus Kofoed, Jørgen Vestbo, Børge Nordestgaard, Jens Lundgren and Susanne Dam Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:713

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The instability faced by refugees may place them at increased risk of exposure to HIV infection. Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwestern Uganda hosts 68,000 refugees from 11 countries, many with high HIV p...

    Authors: Kelli N. O’Laughlin, Dustin J. Rabideau, Julius Kasozi, Robert A. Parker, Nirma D. Bustamante, Zikama M. Faustin, Kelsy E. Greenwald, Rochelle P. Walensky and Ingrid V. Bassett

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:695

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) influences the outcome and natural disease progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. While the majority of HCV mono-infected and HCV/HIV co-infected su...

    Authors: Yue Chen, Chengli Shen, Debjani Guha, Ming Ding, Scott Kulich, Aiymkul Ashimkhanova, Charles Rinaldo, Eric Seaberg, Joseph B. Margolick, Valentina Stosor, Otoniel Martínez-Maza and Phalguni Gupta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:693

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996–2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening...

    Authors: Samuel S. Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M. Spittal, John P. Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D. Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K. Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair and Martin T. Schechter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:690

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Retention on lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential in sustaining treatment success while preventing HIV drug resistance (HIVDR), especially in resource-limited settings (RLS). In an era of rising ...

    Authors: Serge Clotaire Billong, Joseph Fokam, Calixte Ida Penda, Salmon Amadou, David Same Kob, Edson-Joan Billong, Vittorio Colizzi, Alexis Ndjolo, Anne-Cecile Zoung-Kani Bisseck and Jean-Bosco Nfetam Elat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:678

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Stable, co-habiting HIV serodiscordant couples are a key population in terms of heterosexual transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the wide availability of antiretroviral treatment and HIV educational pr...

    Authors: Jiho Kim, Mastula Nanfuka, David Moore, Murisho Shafic, Maureen Nyonyitono, Josephine Birungi, Florence Galenda and Rachel King

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:665

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have evaluated the impact of pre-treatment drug resistance (PDR) on response to combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) in children. The objective of this joint EuroCoord-CHAIN-EPPICC/PENTA pro...

    Authors: Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Linda Wittkop, Ali Judd, Peter Reiss, Tessa Goetghebuer, Dan Duiculescu, Antoni Noguera-Julian, Magdalena Marczynska, Carlo Giacquinto, Luminita Ene, Jose T. Ramos, Cristina Cellerai, Thomas Klimkait, Benedicte Brichard, Niels Valerius, Caroline Sabin…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:654

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  43. Content type: Research article

    TB and HIV are the most prevalent communicable diseases of major public health importance in the populations of sub-Saharan African countries, and an estimated 30 % of HIV infected persons have dual infection ...

    Authors: Solomon Ahmed Ali, Thandisizwe R. Mavundla, Ribka Fantu and Tadesse Awoke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:640

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of hypogonadism in HIV-infected patients is still a matter of debate as there is no standardized consensual diagnostic method. In addition, the etiology and endocrine/metabolic implications of h...

    Authors: Ana Rita Gomes, Pedro Souteiro, Carolina Germana Silva, Bernardo Sousa-Pinto, Francisco Almeida, António Sarmento, Davide Carvalho and Paula Freitas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:628

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The reported prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) varies widely in cohorts of people living with HIV (PLWH); this may partly be due to the use of different diagnostic criteria. Agreement between diagnostic ...

    Authors: Davide De Francesco, Jonathan Underwood, Frank A. Post, Jaime H. Vera, Ian Williams, Marta Boffito, Memory Sachikonye, Jane Anderson, Patrick W. G. Mallon, Alan Winston and Caroline A. Sabin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:617

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the incidence of virological failure among Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected adults after Uganda transitioned from Zidovidine/Lamivudine/ Nevirapine (AZT/3TC/NVP) to Tenofovir/L...

    Authors: Jonathan Izudi, Sunday Alioni, Emmanuel Kerukadho and David Ndungutse

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:614

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  47. Content type: Case report

    HIV clinical presentation in the acute stage is variable and some of its virological and immunological aspects are not completely understood. Most cases of HIV- associated reactive hemophagocytic syndrome have...

    Authors: Rita Veiga Ferraz, Ana Cláudia Carvalho, Fernando Araújo, Carmo Koch, Cândida Abreu and António Sarmento

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:619

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The widespread use of antiretroviral therapies has led to considerable concerns about the prevalence of drug-resistant, as transmission of drug-resistant (TDR) strains poses a challenge for the control of the ...

    Authors: Hanping Li, Shuai Chang, Yang Han, Daomin Zhuang, Lin Li, Yongjian Liu, Siyang Liu, Zuoyi Bao, Wenfu Zhang, Hongbin Song, Taisheng Li and Jingyun Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:605

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV in Canada. Combination antiretroviral therapy has been shown to dramatically decrease progression to AIDS, prematu...

    Authors: Zachary Tanner, Nathan Lachowsky, Erin Ding, Hasina Samji, Mark Hull, Angela Cescon, Sophie Patterson, Jason Chia, Alia Leslie, Janet Raboud, Mona Loutfy, Curtis Cooper, Marina Klein, Nima Machouf, Christos Tsoukas, Julio Montaner…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:590

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Symptomatic primary HIV infection is associated with an adverse prognosis, and immediate initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is recommended. However, little is known about immunological pre...

    Authors: Marco Gelpi, Hans J. Hartling, Kristina Thorsteinsson, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum and Susanne D. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:591

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