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HIV and co-infections

Section edited by Carlo Torti and Andrea De Luca

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of HIV and HIV-associated infections in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section also aims to publish studies on the adverse events of HAART and non HIV-related comorbidities in the HAART era.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Despite wide spread use of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) by pregnant women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the transmission rate is still higher by 18% after breastfeeding ends. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Girma Alemayehu Beyene, Lelisa Sena Dadi and Solomon Berhanu Mogas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:327

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Etravirine (ETR), a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) available in France since 2006, is indicated for antiretroviral-experienced HIV-infected adults, in combination with a ritonavir-boost...

    Authors: Valérie Potard, Cécile Goujard, Marc Antoine Valantin, Jean Marc Lacombe, Rima Lahoulou, Arnaud Chéret, Pierre Marie Girard and Dominique Costagliola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:326

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  3. Content type: Research article

    IL-17 and IL-22 cytokines play an important role in protective immune responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Information on the production of these cytokines and the factors that regulate t...

    Authors: Kamakshi Prudhula Devalraju, Venkata Sanjeev Kumar Neela, Sharadambal Sunder Ramaseri, Arunabala Chaudhury, Abhinav Van, Siva Sai Krovvidi, Ramakrishna Vankayalapati and Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:321

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  4. Content type: Research article

    HIV infection continues to be epidemic of public health importance with a prevalence of 1.1% and incidence of 0.33/1000 population having low-intensity mixed epidemic. Ethiopia has adopted the 90–90-90 by 2020...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Abebaw Wasie and Abdulsemed Worku

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:320

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy dramatically reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality, prolonging the lifespan of HIV-infected patients. Greater duration of infection and exposure to antiretroviral therapy makes the...

    Authors: Ana Rita Coelho, Flávia Andreia Moreira, Ana Cristina Santos, André Silva-Pinto, António Sarmento, Davide Carvalho and Paula Freitas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:309

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is associated with less renal and bone toxicity compared with tenofovir disoproxil (TDF). TAF's recent FDA approval has spurred HIV providers to consider switching antiretroviral th...

    Authors: Sarah S. Lee, Joshua P. Havens, Harlan R. Sayles, Jennifer L. O’Neill, Anthony T. Podany, Susan Swindells, Kimberly K. Scarsi and Sara H. Bares

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:310

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The introduction of anti-retroviral treatment (ART) has significantly reduced mortality and morbidity associated with HIV/AIDS. While treatment at early stages of the disease is related to a better prognosis, ...

    Authors: Henry Namme Luma, Paulia Jua, Olivier-Tresor Donfack, Felicite Kamdem, Eveline Ngouadjeu, Hugo Bertrand Mbatchou, Marie-Solange Doualla and Yakouba Njankou Mapoure

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:298

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Triple-drug regimens are the gold standard for HIV therapy. Nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) reducing regimens are used to decrease drugs toxicity, exposure and costs. Aim of our study wa...

    Authors: Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Paola Magro, Elena Raffetti, Ilaria Izzo, Alessandro Borghetti, Francesca Lombardi, Annalisa Saracino, Franco Maggiolo and Francesco Castelli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:285

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The burden of mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV is high and risk factors are common in Ethiopia. This systematic review and meta-analysis intended to provide the pooled estimation of mother-to-child tra...

    Authors: Aklilu Endalamaw, Amare Demsie, Setegn Eshetie and Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:283

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Retention in care and adherence to the treatment is very important for the success of the program while access for treatment is being scaled up. Without more precise data about the rate of loss to follow up as...

    Authors: Wubareg Seifu, Walid Ali and Beyene Meresa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:280

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Timely HIV testing and initiation of antiretroviral therapy are two major determinants of survival for HIV-infected individuals. Our study aimed to explore the trend of late HIV/AIDS diagnoses and to assess th...

    Authors: Houlin Tang, Yurong Mao, Weiming Tang, Jing Han, Juan Xu and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:272

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy has an impressive clinical effect on the human immunodeficiency virus although its effectiveness depends mainly on the adherence of patients to the therapy. Therefore, this study aimed t...

    Authors: Abiyot Abeje Molla, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Habtamu Sewunet Mekonnen and Destaw Fetene Teshome

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:266

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  13. Content type: Research article

    HIV-positive people often experience mental health disorders and engage in substance use when the disease progresses. In resource limited settings, mental health services are not integrated into HIV services. ...

    Authors: Khem N. Pokhrel, Vidya D. Sharma, Kalpana G. Pokhrel, Sanjeev R. Neupane, Linda B. Mlunde, Krishna C. Poudel and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:263

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  14. Content type: Research article

    It is unknown whether statin use among people living with HIV results in a reduction in all-cause mortality. We aimed to evaluate the effect of statin use on all-cause mortality among people living with HIV.

    Authors: Olalekan A. Uthman, Chidozie Nduka, Samuel I. Watson, Edward J. Mills, Andre P. Kengne, Shabbar S. Jaffar, Aileen Clarke, Tahereh Moradi, Anna-Mia Ekström and Richard Lilford

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:258

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The need to study the outcome of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected individuals in Ghana, a sub-Saharan African country crucial in the era of the “Treat All” policy....

    Authors: Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Faustina Pappoe, Ibrahim Baidoo, Francis Arthur, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Godwin Kwakye-Nuako and Stephen Ayisi Addo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:230

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The studies on the occurrence and diversity of tick-borne infections in HIV-infected individuals have been few, and the subject has been relatively neglected when compared with other common infections associat...

    Authors: Renata Welc-Falęciak, Justyna D. Kowalska, Małgorzata Bednarska, Magdalena Szatan and Agnieszka Pawełczyk

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:227

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Angiocentric lymph proliferative disorder (ALPD) is a granulomatous lymphoproliferative condition associated with various primary and secondary immunodeficiency states. ALPD is so rare that its prevalence has ...

    Authors: Cecilia T. Costiniuk, Jason Karamchandani, Ali Bessissow, Jean-Pierre Routy, Jason Szabo and Charles Frenette

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:210

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The overall success of Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) antiretroviral therapy (ART) was heavily challenged upon the occurrence of drug resistance. Dehong Prefecture witnessed not only the first rep...

    Authors: Qicai Xuan, Shuwen Liang, Weihong Qin, Shuting Yang, A-mei Zhang, Ting Zhao, Hui Su, Zhiqing Xia, Binghui Wang and Xueshan Xia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:211

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  19. Content type: Research article

    HIV has the most serious effects in Sub-Saharan African countries as compared to countries in other parts of the world. As part of these countries, Ethiopia has been affected significantly by the disease, and ...

    Authors: Awoke Seyoum Tegegne, Principal Ndlovu and Temesgen Zewotir

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:197

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