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Bacterial and fungal diseases

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Information is sparse regarding the association between international travel and hospitalization with non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteremia. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion, risk factors and o...

    Authors: Kristoffer Koch, Brian Kristensen, Hanne M Holt, Steen Ethelberg, Kåre Mølbak and Henrik C Schønheyder

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:277

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC) is the cause of severe gastrointestinal infection especially among infants. Between 10 and 20 cases are reported annually to the National Infectious Disease Register (NIDR) in Finland...

    Authors: Katri Jalava, Jukka Ollgren, Marjut Eklund, Anja Siitonen and Markku Kuusi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:275

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Studies of recent hospital outbreaks caused by multiresistant P.aeruginosa (MRPA) have often failed to identify a specific environmental reservoir. We describe an outbreak due to a single clone of multiresistant ...

    Authors: Cristina Suarez, Carmen Peña, Olga Arch, M Angeles Dominguez, Fe Tubau, Carlos Juan, Laura Gavaldá, Mercedes Sora, Antonio Oliver, Miquel Pujol and Javier Ariza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:272

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Candida albicans is the most common cause of candidemia and other forms of invasive candidiasis. Systemic infections due to C. albicans exhibit good susceptibility to fluconazole and echinocandins. However, the ...

    Authors: Annette C Reboli, Andrew F Shorr, Coleman Rotstein, Peter G Pappas, Daniel H Kett, Haran T Schlamm, Arlene L Reisman, Pinaki Biswas and Thomas J Walsh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:261

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Risk factors and outcomes in hematological patients who acquire invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS) are infrequently reported in the modern medical era.

    Authors: Chien-Yuan Chen, Wang-Huei Sheng, Aristine Cheng, Yee-Chun Chen, Woei Tsay, Jih-Luh Tang, Shang-Yi Huang, Shan-Chwen Chang and Hwei-Fang Tien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:250

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The region around Chandigarh in India has witnessed a resurgence of cholera. However, isolation of V. cholerae O1 from the environment is infrequent. Therefore, to study whether environmental nonO1-nonO139 isolat...

    Authors: Arti Mishra, Neelam Taneja, Ram K Sharma, Rahul Kumar, Naresh C Sharma and Meera Sharma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:249

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is a human-specific pathogen that causes typhoid fever, and remains a global health problem especially in developing countries. Its pathogenesis is complex and host r...

    Authors: Sok Kean Khoo, David Petillo, Mrutyunjaya Parida, Aik Choon Tan, James H Resau and Stephen K Obaro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:241

    Content type: Research article

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  8. On October 29th 2009 the health authorities in the city of Trondheim, Norway were alerted about a case of Shiga toxin-positive E. coli (STEC) O145 in a child with bloody diarrhoea attending a day-care centre. Sym...

    Authors: Erik Wahl, Line Vold, Bjørn A Lindstedt, Torkjel Bruheim and Jan E Afset

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:238

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) within the first 48 hours of intensive care unit (ICU) stay has been poorly investigated. The objective was to estimate early-onset VAP occurrence in ICUs...

    Authors: Philippe Vanhems, Thomas Bénet, Nicolas Voirin, Jean-Marie Januel, Alain Lepape, Bernard Allaouchiche, Laurent Argaud, Dominique Chassard and Claude Guérin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:236

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Evidence in the literature suggests that exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by bacterial cells are essential for the expression of virulence in these organisms. Secreted EPSs form the framework in which microbi...

    Authors: Takeshi Yamanaka, Kazuyoshi Yamane, Tomoyo Furukawa, Chiho Matsumoto-Mashimo, Chieko Sugimori, Takayuki Nambu, Noboru Obata, Clay B Walker, Kai-Poon Leung and Hisanori Fukushima

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:228

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The primary objective of this study was to investigate if extended antibiotic treatment against bacterial vaginosis (BV) together with adjuvant lactobacilli treatment could cure BV and, furthermore, to investi...

    Authors: Per-Göran Larsson, Erik Brandsborg, Urban Forsum, Sonal Pendharkar, Kasper Krogh Andersen, Salmir Nasic, Lennart Hammarström and Harold Marcotte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:223

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Salmonella are the major pathogenic bacteria in humans as well as in animals. Salmonella species are leading causes of acute gastroenteritis in several countries and salmonellosis remains an important public hea...

    Authors: Zelalem Addis, Nigatu Kebede, Zufan Sisay, Haile Alemayehu, Alehegne Wubetie and Tesfu Kassa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:222

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Non-nosocomial healthcare-associated infective endocarditis (NNHCA-IE) is a new category of IE of increasing importance. This study described the clinical and microbiological characteristics and outcome of NNH...

    Authors: Kuan-Sheng Wu, Susan Shin-Jung Lee, Hung-Chin Tsai, Shue-Ren Wann, Jui-Kuang Chen, Cheng-Len Sy, Yung-Hsin Wang, Yu-Ting Tseng and Yao-Shen Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:221

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Identification of the causative agents of invasive fungal infections (IFI) is critical for guiding antifungal therapy. Cultures remain negative in a substantial number of IFI cases. Accordingly, species identi...

    Authors: Volker Rickerts, Prasanna D Khot, David Myerson, Daisy L Ko, Evelyn Lambrecht and David N Fredricks

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:202

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) produced by vaginal lactobacilli is generally believed to protect against bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV), and strains of lactobacilli that can produce H2O2 are being de...

    Authors: Deirdre E O'Hanlon, Thomas R Moench and Richard A Cone

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:200

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Clostridium difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhea in the United States. However, recent reports have documented that C. difficile infections (CDIs) are occurring among patients wit...

    Authors: Jennifer L Kuntz, Elizabeth A Chrischilles, Jane F Pendergast, Loreen A Herwaldt and Philip M Polgreen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:194

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Six hospitals instituted a voluntary, system-wide, pathway for community acquired pneumonia (CAP). We proposed this study to determine the impact of pathway antibiotics on patient survival, hospital length of ...

    Authors: Christopher R Frei, Allison M Bell, Kristi A Traugott, Terry C Jaso, Kelly R Daniels, Eric M Mortensen, Marcos I Restrepo, Christine U Oramasionwu, Andres D Ruiz, William R Mylchreest, Vanja Sikirica, Monika R Raut, Alan Fisher and Jeff R Schein

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:188

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Fluoroquinolones are among the most commonly prescribed antimicrobials and are an important risk factor for colonization and infection with fluoroquinolone-resistant gram-negative bacilli and for Clostridium diff...

    Authors: Nicole L Werner, Michelle T Hecker, Ajay K Sethi and Curtis J Donskey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:187

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The emergence of multi-drug resistant Gram-negatives (MDRGNs) coupled with an alarming scarcity of new antibiotics has forced the optimization of the therapeutic potential of available antibiotics. To exploit ...

    Authors: Pranita D Tamma, Nirupama Putcha, Yong D Suh, Kyle J Van Arendonk and Michael L Rinke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:181

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Staphylococcus aureus and Moraxella catarrhalis are important causes of invasive and mucosal bacterial disease among children, co-carriage with Streptococcus pneumoni...

    Authors: Brenda A Kwambana, Michael R Barer, Christian Bottomley, Richard A Adegbola and Martin Antonio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:175

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA) was first described in 1997 in a patient in France. The causative agent, Rickettsia slovaca, is transmitted by Dermacentor ticks.

    Authors: Siegbert Rieg, Sabine Schmoldt, Christian Theilacker, Katja de With, Silke Wölfel, Winfried V Kern and Gerhard Dobler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:167

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is usually self-limited, but some fulminant cases are fatal, even when occurring in previously healthy individuals. It can also be the cause of overwhelming postsplenectomy infect...

    Authors: Feng Xu, Chao-Liu Dai, Xing-Mao Wu and Peng Chu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:162

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Helicobacter pylori is a widely spread bacterium that mainly inhabits the gastric mucosa and can lead to serious illnesses such as peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma and gastric MALT lymphoma. The oral-oral...

    Authors: Claudia Peters, Anja Schablon, Melanie Harling, Claudia Wohlert, José Torres Costa and Albert Nienhaus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:154

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Infection caused by Streptococcus agalactiae, a Group B streptococcus, is an emerging disease in non-pregnant adults. This study describes the epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics of S. ...

    Authors: Romanee Chaiwarith, Waree Jullaket, Manasanant Bunchoo, Nontakan Nuntachit, Thira Sirisanthana and Khuanchai Supparatpinyo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:149

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Typhoid fever remains a significant health problem in many developing countries. A rapid test with a performance comparable to that of blood culture would be highly useful. A rapid diagnostic test for typhoid ...

    Authors: Benedikt Ley, Kamala Thriemer, Shaali M Ame, George M Mtove, Lorenz von Seidlein, Ben Amos, Ilse CE Hendriksen, Abraham Mwambuli, Aikande Shoo, Deok R Kim, Leon R Ochiai, Michael Favorov, John D Clemens, Harald Wilfing, Jacqueline L Deen and Said M Ali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:147

    Content type: Research article

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  26. During the past two decades, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become increasingly common as a source of nosocomial infections. Most studies of MRSA surveillance were performed during outbrea...

    Authors: Madeleine Dulon, Frank Haamann, Claudia Peters, Anja Schablon and Albert Nienhaus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:138

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Persistent neutrophilic meningitis is an unusual form of chronic meningitis that is defined as clinical meningitis with a neutrophilic pleocytosis that persists for greater than 7 days despite empiric antimicr...

    Authors: Jaime S Green, Shira R Abeles, Daniel Z Uslan and Sanjay R Mehta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:136

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Super-infection in adult bacterial meningitis (ABM) is a condition wherein the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) grows new pathogen(s) during the therapeutic course of meningitis. It is an uncommon but clinically impo...

    Authors: Chi-Ren Huang, Shu-Fang Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Yao-Chung Chuang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Hung-Chen Wang, Chun-Chih Chien and Wen-Neng Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:133

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patients with Enterobacter community-acquired pneumonia (EnCAP) were admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU). Our primary aim was to describe them as few data are available on EnCAP. A comparison with CAP due t...

    Authors: Alexandre Boyer, Brice Amadeo, Frédéric Vargas, Ma Yu, Sylvie Maurice-Tison, Véronique Dubois, Cécile Bébéar, Anne Marie Rogues and Didier Gruson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:120

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Extensive drug resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii is a serious problem in the clinical setting. It is therefore important to find active antibiotic combinations that could be effective in the treatment of infe...

    Authors: Wang Liang, Xiao-fang Liu, Jun Huang, De-mei Zhu, Jian Li and Jing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:109

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae C-polysaccharide in urine is a useful rapid diagnostic test for pneumococcal infections in adults. In young children, high rates of false positive results have been documente...

    Authors: Paul Turner, Claudia Turner, Napaphat Kaewcharernnet, Naw Yi Mon, David Goldblatt and François Nosten

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:108

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The role of chronic renal failure (CRF) in the antimicrobial resistance of uropathogens in patients with community-acquired acute pyelonephritis (APN) remains poorly understood.

    Authors: Yeon Soon Jung, Ho Sik Shin and Hark Rim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:102

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carriage represents an important biological marker for monitoring pneumococcal serotype distribution and evaluating vaccine effects. Serotype determination by conventional method (Q...

    Authors: Sarah Jourdain, Pierre-Alexandre Drèze, Jozef Vandeven, Jan Verhaegen, Laurence Van Melderen and Pierre R Smeesters

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:100

    Content type: Technical advance

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  34. The overall volume of antibiotic consumption in the community is one of the foremost causes of antimicrobial resistance. There is much ad-hoc information about the inappropriate consumption of antibiotics, ove...

    Authors: Anita Kotwani and Kathleen Holloway

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:99

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Airborne fungi play an important role in causing allergy and infections in susceptible people. Identification of these fungi, based on morphological characteristics, is time-consuming, expertise-demanding, and...

    Authors: Wen-Tsung Hung, Shu-Li Su, Lin-Yi Shiu and Tsung C Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:91

    Content type: Research article

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