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Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung, Jorge Garbino and Kelvin To

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) produced by vaginal lactobacilli is generally believed to protect against bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV), and strains of lactobacilli that can produce H2O2 are being de...

    Authors: Deirdre E O'Hanlon, Thomas R Moench and Richard A Cone

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:200

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhea in the United States. However, recent reports have documented that C. difficile infections (CDIs) are occurring among patients wit...

    Authors: Jennifer L Kuntz, Elizabeth A Chrischilles, Jane F Pendergast, Loreen A Herwaldt and Philip M Polgreen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:194

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Six hospitals instituted a voluntary, system-wide, pathway for community acquired pneumonia (CAP). We proposed this study to determine the impact of pathway antibiotics on patient survival, hospital length of ...

    Authors: Christopher R Frei, Allison M Bell, Kristi A Traugott, Terry C Jaso, Kelly R Daniels, Eric M Mortensen, Marcos I Restrepo, Christine U Oramasionwu, Andres D Ruiz, William R Mylchreest, Vanja Sikirica, Monika R Raut, Alan Fisher and Jeff R Schein

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:188

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Fluoroquinolones are among the most commonly prescribed antimicrobials and are an important risk factor for colonization and infection with fluoroquinolone-resistant gram-negative bacilli and for Clostridium diff...

    Authors: Nicole L Werner, Michelle T Hecker, Ajay K Sethi and Curtis J Donskey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:187

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of multi-drug resistant Gram-negatives (MDRGNs) coupled with an alarming scarcity of new antibiotics has forced the optimization of the therapeutic potential of available antibiotics. To exploit ...

    Authors: Pranita D Tamma, Nirupama Putcha, Yong D Suh, Kyle J Van Arendonk and Michael L Rinke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:181

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Staphylococcus aureus and Moraxella catarrhalis are important causes of invasive and mucosal bacterial disease among children, co-carriage with Streptococcus pneumoni...

    Authors: Brenda A Kwambana, Michael R Barer, Christian Bottomley, Richard A Adegbola and Martin Antonio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:175

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA) was first described in 1997 in a patient in France. The causative agent, Rickettsia slovaca, is transmitted by Dermacentor ticks.

    Authors: Siegbert Rieg, Sabine Schmoldt, Christian Theilacker, Katja de With, Silke Wölfel, Winfried V Kern and Gerhard Dobler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:167

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is usually self-limited, but some fulminant cases are fatal, even when occurring in previously healthy individuals. It can also be the cause of overwhelming postsplenectomy infect...

    Authors: Feng Xu, Chao-Liu Dai, Xing-Mao Wu and Peng Chu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:162

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori is a widely spread bacterium that mainly inhabits the gastric mucosa and can lead to serious illnesses such as peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma and gastric MALT lymphoma. The oral-oral...

    Authors: Claudia Peters, Anja Schablon, Melanie Harling, Claudia Wohlert, José Torres Costa and Albert Nienhaus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:154

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Infection caused by Streptococcus agalactiae, a Group B streptococcus, is an emerging disease in non-pregnant adults. This study describes the epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics of S. ...

    Authors: Romanee Chaiwarith, Waree Jullaket, Manasanant Bunchoo, Nontakan Nuntachit, Thira Sirisanthana and Khuanchai Supparatpinyo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:149

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Typhoid fever remains a significant health problem in many developing countries. A rapid test with a performance comparable to that of blood culture would be highly useful. A rapid diagnostic test for typhoid ...

    Authors: Benedikt Ley, Kamala Thriemer, Shaali M Ame, George M Mtove, Lorenz von Seidlein, Ben Amos, Ilse CE Hendriksen, Abraham Mwambuli, Aikande Shoo, Deok R Kim, Leon R Ochiai, Michael Favorov, John D Clemens, Harald Wilfing, Jacqueline L Deen and Said M Ali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:147

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  12. Content type: Research article

    During the past two decades, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become increasingly common as a source of nosocomial infections. Most studies of MRSA surveillance were performed during outbrea...

    Authors: Madeleine Dulon, Frank Haamann, Claudia Peters, Anja Schablon and Albert Nienhaus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:138

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Persistent neutrophilic meningitis is an unusual form of chronic meningitis that is defined as clinical meningitis with a neutrophilic pleocytosis that persists for greater than 7 days despite empiric antimicr...

    Authors: Jaime S Green, Shira R Abeles, Daniel Z Uslan and Sanjay R Mehta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:136

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Super-infection in adult bacterial meningitis (ABM) is a condition wherein the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) grows new pathogen(s) during the therapeutic course of meningitis. It is an uncommon but clinically impo...

    Authors: Chi-Ren Huang, Shu-Fang Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Yao-Chung Chuang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Hung-Chen Wang, Chun-Chih Chien and Wen-Neng Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:133

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Patients with Enterobacter community-acquired pneumonia (EnCAP) were admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU). Our primary aim was to describe them as few data are available on EnCAP. A comparison with CAP due t...

    Authors: Alexandre Boyer, Brice Amadeo, Frédéric Vargas, Ma Yu, Sylvie Maurice-Tison, Véronique Dubois, Cécile Bébéar, Anne Marie Rogues and Didier Gruson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:120

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Extensive drug resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii is a serious problem in the clinical setting. It is therefore important to find active antibiotic combinations that could be effective in the treatment of infe...

    Authors: Wang Liang, Xiao-fang Liu, Jun Huang, De-mei Zhu, Jian Li and Jing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:109

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae C-polysaccharide in urine is a useful rapid diagnostic test for pneumococcal infections in adults. In young children, high rates of false positive results have been documente...

    Authors: Paul Turner, Claudia Turner, Napaphat Kaewcharernnet, Naw Yi Mon, David Goldblatt and François Nosten

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:108

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The role of chronic renal failure (CRF) in the antimicrobial resistance of uropathogens in patients with community-acquired acute pyelonephritis (APN) remains poorly understood.

    Authors: Yeon Soon Jung, Ho Sik Shin and Hark Rim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:102

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  19. Content type: Technical advance

    Asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carriage represents an important biological marker for monitoring pneumococcal serotype distribution and evaluating vaccine effects. Serotype determination by conventional method (Q...

    Authors: Sarah Jourdain, Pierre-Alexandre Drèze, Jozef Vandeven, Jan Verhaegen, Laurence Van Melderen and Pierre R Smeesters

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:100

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The overall volume of antibiotic consumption in the community is one of the foremost causes of antimicrobial resistance. There is much ad-hoc information about the inappropriate consumption of antibiotics, ove...

    Authors: Anita Kotwani and Kathleen Holloway

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:99

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Airborne fungi play an important role in causing allergy and infections in susceptible people. Identification of these fungi, based on morphological characteristics, is time-consuming, expertise-demanding, and...

    Authors: Wen-Tsung Hung, Shu-Li Su, Lin-Yi Shiu and Tsung C Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:91

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