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Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung, Jorge Garbino and Kelvin To

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    A two-stage surgical strategy (debridement-negative pressure therapy (NPT) and flap coverage) with prolonged antimicrobial therapy is usually proposed in pressure ulcer-related pelvic osteomyelitis but has not...

    Authors: Johan Andrianasolo, Tristan Ferry, Fabien Boucher, Joseph Chateau, Hristo Shipkov, Fatiha Daoud, Evelyne Braun, Claire Triffault-Fillit, Thomas Perpoint, Frédéric Laurent, Alain-Ali Mojallal, Christian Chidiac and Florent Valour

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:166

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The use of probiotics to improve anti-microbial defence, such as for influenza infections, is increasingly recommended. However, no data are available on the effect of probiotics on flu-associated secondary ba...

    Authors: Nouria Belkacem, Raphaëlle Bourdet-Sicard and Muhamed-Kkeir Taha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:167

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Marked increases in fluconazole resistance in Candida tropicalis have been recently reported. In this study, the molecular mechanisms behind fluconazole resistance were investigated.

    Authors: Longyang Jin, Zhuorui Cao, Qi Wang, Yichen Wang, Xiaojuan Wang, Hongbin Chen and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:162

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Conventional local treatment for medullary osteomyelitis (OM) includes insertion of antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement. Nevertheless, PMMA may delivery irregular concentration of antibiotic...

    Authors: Mateus Trinconi Cunha, Maria Aparecida Murça, Stanley Nigro, Giselle Burlamaqui Klautau and Mauro José Costa Salles

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:157

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Posaconazole therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is increasingly used in clinical practice. However, the utility of posaconazole TDM and the target of posaconazole plasma concentration for clinical successful pr...

    Authors: Lu Chen, Yan Wang, Tao Zhang, Ying Li, Ti Meng, Leichao Liu, Ruifang Hao and Yalin Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:155

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Implant-related infections, including those of peri-prosthetic joint (PJIs), osteosynthesis and other biomaterials, are biofilm-related. Pathogen identification is considered the diagnostic benchmark; however,...

    Authors: Carlo L. Romanò, Maria Teresa Trentinaglia, Elena De Vecchi, Nicola Logoluso, David A. George, Ilaria Morelli and Lorenzo Drago

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:154

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) is a rare and critical disease in Japan. Most of these cases are caused by capsulated Neisseria meningitidis strains. Non-capsulated (non-typable) strains are considered relat...

    Authors: Shun Kurose, Kyoko Onozawa, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Kenichiro Yaita, Hideyuki Takahashi, Nobuyuki Shimono and Yoji Nagasaki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:146

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A significant increase in pertussis incidence occurred in Brazil, from 2011 to 2014, despite high coverage of childhood immunization with whole-cell-pertussis (wP) containing vaccines. This study presents pert...

    Authors: Eder Gatti Fernandes, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez, Telma Regina M. P. Carvalhanas, Marcela Rodrigues and Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:126

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a re-emerging pathogen in Europe causing invasive infections in vaccinated persons and classical diphtheria in unvaccinated persons. In the presented study we analysed genetic chang...

    Authors: Urszula Czajka, Aldona Wiatrzyk, Ewa Mosiej, Kamila Formińska and Aleksandra A. Zasada

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:121

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Various studies have identified numerous factors associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB). A new study was created to provide deeper insight into in-hospital...

    Authors: Natasha E. Holmes, J. Owen Robinson, Sebastiaan J. van Hal, Wendy J. Munckhof, Eugene Athan, Tony M. Korman, Allen C. Cheng, John D. Turnidge, Paul D. R. Johnson and Benjamin P. Howden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:107

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Concurrent presence of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), tropical pyomyositis and septicemia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a previously healthy person has never been reported. These t...

    Authors: N. D. B. Ehelepola, R. K. G. M. Rajapaksha, D. M. U. B. Dhanapala, T. D. K. Thennekoon and S. Ponnamperuma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:99

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Fluoroquinolones (FQ) are increasingly prescribed for children, despite being labeled for only a limited number of labeled pediatric indications. In this multicenter retrospective drug utilization study, we an...

    Authors: Kevin Meesters, Reiner Mauel, Evelyn Dhont, Johan Vande Walle and Pauline De Bruyne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:89

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Colonization with Staphylococcus aureus is a well-defined risk factor for disease in hospitals, which can range from minor skin infections to severe, systemic diseases. However, the generalizability of this findi...

    Authors: Marina W. Kim, Ben K. Greenfield, Robert E. Snyder, Craig M. Steinmaus and Lee W. Riley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:86

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is an uncommon diagnosis accounting for less than 10% of cases of infective endocarditis. Optimal management for severely ill patients with RSIE remains challenging be...

    Authors: Hugues Georges, Olivier Leroy, Norair Airapetian, Nicolas Lamblin, Elie Zogheib, Patrick Devos and Sebastien Preau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:85

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Human fecal carriage of Enterobacteriaceae possessing mobilized colistin resistance genes (mcr-1 and mcr-2) remains obscure in Hong Kong. As part of routine surveillance on emerging antibiotic resistance, we cond...

    Authors: Wai-Sing Chan, Chun-Hang Au, Dona N. Ho, Tsun-Leung Chan, Edmond Shiu-Kwan Ma and Bone Siu-Fai Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:81

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Melioidosis, the disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei is endemic in the Northeastern part of Thailand, South-East Asia, and Northern Australia. The pelvic involvement of disease is rare even in an endemic ...

    Authors: Pattaranit Nernsai, Areepan Sophonsritsuk, Srithean Lertvikool, Artit Jinawath and Maria Nina Chitasombat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:73

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  17. Content type: Research article

    People with diabetes may be at higher risk for acquiring infections through both glucose-dependent and biologic pathways independent of glycemic control. Our aim was to estimate the association between diabete...

    Authors: Waseem Abu-Ashour, Laurie K Twells, James E Valcour and John-Michael Gamble

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:67

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  18. Content type: Case report

    In the last decades, probiotics have been widely used as food supplements because of their putative beneficial health effects. They are generally considered safe but rare reports of serious infections caused b...

    Authors: Evangelo Boumis, Alessandro Capone, Vincenzo Galati, Carolina Venditti and Nicola Petrosillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:65

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