Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung, Jorge Garbino and Kelvin To

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Research article

    Temporal and spatial analysis of psittacosis in association with poultry farming in the Netherlands, 2000–2015

    Human psittacosis is a highly under diagnosed zoonotic disease, commonly linked to psittacine birds. Psittacosis in birds, also known as avian chlamydiosis, is endemic in poultry, but the risk for people livin...

    Lenny Hogerwerf, Manon M. C. Holstege, Elisa Benincà, Frederika Dijkstra and Wim van der Hoek

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:519

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  2. Research article

    A comparison study between GeXP-based multiplex-PCR and serology assay for Mycoplasma pneumoniae detection in children with community acquired pneumonia

    Diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) in children has been hampered by difficulty in obtaining convalescent serum and time constraints. In this study, the two diagno...

    Le Wang, Zhishan Feng, Mengchuan Zhao, Shuo Yang, Xiaotong Yan, Weiwei Guo, Zhongren Shi and Guixia Li

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:518

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  3. Case report

    Exiguobacterium sp. A1b/GX59 isolated from a patient with community-acquired pneumonia and bacteremia: genomic characterization and literature review

    Bacterial species belonging to the genus Exiguobacterium are facultative anaerobic, non-spore-forming, Gram-positive bacilli, and rarely associated with human infections. Herein, we reported the first case of com...

    Xingchun Chen, Lijun Wang, Jiali Zhou, Honglong Wu, Dong Li, Yanchao Cui and Binghuai Lu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:508

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  4. Case report

    Staphylococcus aureus Prostatic abscess: a clinical case report and a review of the literature

    Prostatic abscess is a rare complication of acute bacterial prostatitis and is most commonly caused by Enterobacteriaceae. We report on a case of prostatic abscess caused by Staphylococcus aureus and conduct a re...

    David E. Carroll, Ian Marr, G Khai Lin Huang, Deborah C. Holt, Steven Y. C. Tong and Craig S. Boutlis

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:509

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Clinical characteristics and outcomes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia in febrile neutropenic children and adolescents with the impact of antibiotic resistance: a retrospective study

    Although the proportion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections has reduced after the introduction of antibiotics with anti-pseudomonal effects, P. aeruginosa bacteremia still causes high mortality in immunocompromi...

    Hyo Sup Kim, Bo Kyoung Park, Seong koo Kim, Seung Beom Han, Jae Wook Lee, Dong-Gun Lee, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Dae Chul Jeong and Jin Han Kang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:500

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  6. Research article

    Infants hospitalized for Bordetella pertussis infection commonly have respiratory viral coinfections

    Whether viral coinfections cause more severe disease than Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) alone remains unclear. We compared clinical disease severity and sought clinical and demographic differences between i...

    A. Frassanito, R. Nenna, A. Nicolai, A. Pierangeli, A. E. Tozzi, P. Stefanelli, R. Carsetti, C. Concato, I. Schiavoni and F. Midulla

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:492

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  7. Research article

    Bacterial bloodstream infections in a tertiary infectious diseases hospital in Northern Vietnam: aetiology, drug resistance, and treatment outcome

    Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. However their aetiology, antimicrobial susceptibilities and associated outcomes differ between developed and developing...

    Vu Quoc Dat, Hieu Ngoc Vu, Hung Nguyen The, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Long Bao Hoang, Dung Vu Tien Viet, Chi Linh Bui, Kinh Van Nguyen, Trung Vu Nguyen, Dao Tuyet Trinh, Alessandro Torre, H. Rogier van Doorn, Behzad Nadjm and Heiman F.L. Wertheim

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:493

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Pharmacoeconomic analysis of antifungal therapy for primary treatment of invasive candidiasis caused by Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida species

    Cost-effectiveness studies of echinocandins for the treatment of invasive candidiasis, including candidemia, are rare in Asia. No study has determined whether echinocandins are cost-effective for both Candida alb...

    Huang-Tz Ou, Tsung-Ying Lee, Yee-Chun Chen and Claudie Charbonneau

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:481

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  9. Case report

    Pseudonocardia carboxydivorans in human cerebrospinal fluid: a case report in a patient with traumatic brain injury

    Members of the genus Pseudonocardia have been widely reported and recovered from several ecosystems, such as soil samples and plant samples. Pseudonocardia bacteria colonize the microbial communities on the integ...

    Amalia Navarro-Martínez, Noelia Corominas, Caridad Sainz de Baranda, Ángel Escudero-Jiménez, Jorge Galán- Ros, Juan Antonio Sáez- Nieto and Javier Solera

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:472

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  10. Research article

    Role of outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy in the treatment of community acquired skin and soft tissue infections in Singapore

    Treatment of community acquired skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) is a common indication for outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) in USA, UK and Australasia, however data from Asia are lacking...

    Monica Chan, Chee Kheong Ooi, Joshua Wong, Lihua Zhong and David Lye

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:474

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Epidemiology of pharyngitis as reported by Zambian school children and their families: implications for demand-side interventions to prevent rheumatic heart disease

    Prompt and appropriate treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis decreases the risk of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Understanding public perceptions and behaviors related to sore throa...

    John Musuku, Joyce C. Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Catherine Jones, Laurence Colin, Sherri Schwaninger, Patrick Musonda, Brigitta Tadmor, Jonathan M. Spector, Mark E. Engel and Liesl J. Zühlke

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:473

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  12. Case report

    First report of cavitary pneumonia due to community-acquired Acinetobacter pittii, study of virulence and overview of pathogenesis and treatment

    Acinetobacter pittii is a nosocomial pathogen rarely involved in community-acquired infections. We report for the first time that A. pittii can be responsible for cavitary community-ac...

    Romaric Larcher, Alix Pantel, Erik Arnaud, Albert Sotto and Jean-Philippe Lavigne

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:477

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  13. Research article

    Clinical features and molecular characteristics of childhood community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a medical center in northern Taiwan, 2012

    Since first reported in 2002, the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among childhood community-associated (CA) S. aureus infection in Taiwan increased significantly up to 2005. There have ...

    Hong-Kai Wang, Chun-Yen Huang and Yhu-Chering Huang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:470

    Published on: 5 July 2017

  14. Research article

    Dissemination of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates with various combinations of Carbapenemases (KPC-2, NDM-1, NDM-4, and OXA-48) and 16S rRNA Methylases (RmtB and RmtC) in Vietnam

    Twenty-seven clinical isolates of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae with MICs ≥4 mg/L for imipenem or meropenem were obtained from inpatients in a hospital in Vietnam. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests ...

    Tatsuya Tada, Mitsuhiro Tsuchiya, Kayo Shimada, Tran Thi Thanh Nga, Le Thi Anh Thu, Truong Thien Phu, Norio Ohmagari and Teruo Kirikae

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:467

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  15. Research article

    Incidence, clinical features, and implications on outcomes of neonatal late-onset sepsis with concurrent infectious focus

    Neonatal bloodstream infection (BSI) is the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Although most neonatal BSIs are primary bacteremia, some are associated w...

    I-Hsyuan Wu, Ming-Horng Tsai, Mei-Yin Lai, Lee-Fen Hsu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Reyin Lien, Ren-Huei Fu, Hsuan-Rong Huang, Shih-Ming Chu and Jen-Fu Hsu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:465

    Published on: 3 July 2017

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