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Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung, Jorge Garbino and Kelvin To

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Defined by an infection of the ventricular system of the brain, ventriculitis is usually known as a health-care associated infection. In contrast, primary pyogenic ventriculitis complicating community-acquired...

    Authors: Anaïs Lesourd, Nicolas Magne, Anaïs Soares, Caroline Lemaitre, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Isabelle Gueit, Michel Wolff and François Caron

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:226

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii. This bacterium survives harsh conditions and attaches to dust, suggesting environmental dispersal is a risk factor for outbreaks. Spatial epidemiology st...

    Authors: Nicholas J. Clark and Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:218

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major challenge for global health care. Pharmacists play a key role in the health care setting to help support the quality use of medicines. The education, training, and exp...

    Authors: M. H. F. Sakeena, Alexandra A. Bennett, Shazia Jamshed, Fahim Mohamed, Dilanthi R. Herath, Indika Gawarammana and Andrew J. McLachlan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:209

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal colonization by pathogenic bacteria is a risk factor for infection, and contributes to environmental contamination and disease dissemination. Alteration of gut microbiota also plays a pivotal role i...

    Authors: Danfeng Dong, Qi Ni, Chen Wang, Lihua Zhang, Zhen Li, Cen Jiang, EnqiangMao and Yibing Peng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:207

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To understand the impact of weather on infectious diseases, information on weather parameters at patient locations is needed, but this is not always accessible due to confidentiality or data availability. Weat...

    Authors: Abdelmajid Djennad, Giovanni Lo Iacono, Christophe Sarran, Lora E. Fleming, Anthony Kessel, Andy Haines and Gordon L. Nichols

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:198

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Invasive candidiasis differs greatly between children and neonates. We aimed to investigate the different therapeutic approaches and their effects on treatment outcomes of these two groups.

    Authors: Jen-Fu Hsu, Mei-Yin Lai, Chiang-Wen Lee, Shih-Ming Chu, I-Hsyuan Wu, Hsuan-Rong Huang, I-Ta Lee, Ming-Chou Chiang, Ren-Huei Fu and Ming-Horng Tsai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:194

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Limited information exists on the clinical characteristics predictive of mortality in patients aged ≥65 years in many countries. The impact of adherence to current antimicrobial guidelines on the mortality of ...

    Authors: Xiudi Han, Fei Zhou, Hui Li, Xiqian Xing, Liang Chen, Yimin Wang, Chunxiao Zhang, Xuedong Liu, Lijun Suo, Jinxiang Wang, Guohua Yu, Guangqiang Wang, Xuexin Yao, Hongxia Yu, Lei Wang, Meng Liu…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:192

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) treatment is of great challenge due to increased antibiotic resistance. The burden of H. pylori antibiotic resistance in Africa is high with unclear information regarding ...

    Authors: Hyasinta Jaka, Jee Ah. Rhee, Linda Östlundh, Luke Smart, Robert Peck, Andreas Mueller, Christa Kasang and Stephen E. Mshana

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:193

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Candida bloodstream infections carry a significant mortality risk, justifying the importance of adequate antifungal therapy. This study describes trends in antifungal consumption using the Defined Daily Dose (...

    Authors: Tatiana Aporta Marins, Alexandre R. Marra, Michael B. Edmond, Marines Dalla Valle Martino, Paula Kiyomi Onaga Yokota, Ana Carolina Cintra Nunes Mafra and Marcelino Souza Durão Junior

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:187

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to invade tissues and cause an infectious disease is the result of a multi-factorial process supported by the huge number of virulence factors inherent to this microorganism t...

    Authors: Esther Viedma, Dafne Pérez-Montarelo, Jennifer Villa, Irene Muñoz-Gallego, Nieves Larrosa, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Joan Gavaldà, Benito Almirante and Fernando Chaves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:177

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite vancomycin use is a major risk factor for the emergence of vancomycin resistance, it is frequently inappropriately prescribed, especially as empirical treatment. We evaluated the effect of an antimicro...

    Authors: Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Hei Lim Koo, Doran Yoon, Ji Yun Bae, Eunyoung Lee, Joo-Hee Hwang, Kyoung-Ho Song, Wan Beom Park, Ji Hwan Bang, Eu Suk Kim, Hong Bin Kim, Sang Won Park, Myoung-don Oh and Nam Joong Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:178

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare syndrome characterized by “remitting,” “seronegative” (namely rheumatoid factor-negative), and “symmetrical” synovitis with pit...

    Authors: Moe Kyotani, Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Ryo Nishio and Hozuka Akita

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:174

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Quantification of human interactions relevant to infectious disease transmission through social contact is central to predict disease dynamics, yet data from low-resource settings remain scarce.

    Authors: O. le Polain de Waroux, S. Cohuet, D. Ndazima, A. J. Kucharski, A. Juan-Giner, S. Flasche, E. Tumwesigye, R. Arinaitwe, J. Mwanga-Amumpaire, Y. Boum II, F. Nackers, F. Checchi, R. F. Grais and W. J. Edmunds

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:172

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A two-stage surgical strategy (debridement-negative pressure therapy (NPT) and flap coverage) with prolonged antimicrobial therapy is usually proposed in pressure ulcer-related pelvic osteomyelitis but has not...

    Authors: Johan Andrianasolo, Tristan Ferry, Fabien Boucher, Joseph Chateau, Hristo Shipkov, Fatiha Daoud, Evelyne Braun, Claire Triffault-Fillit, Thomas Perpoint, Frédéric Laurent, Alain-Ali Mojallal, Christian Chidiac and Florent Valour

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:166

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The use of probiotics to improve anti-microbial defence, such as for influenza infections, is increasingly recommended. However, no data are available on the effect of probiotics on flu-associated secondary ba...

    Authors: Nouria Belkacem, Raphaëlle Bourdet-Sicard and Muhamed-Kkeir Taha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:167

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Marked increases in fluconazole resistance in Candida tropicalis have been recently reported. In this study, the molecular mechanisms behind fluconazole resistance were investigated.

    Authors: Longyang Jin, Zhuorui Cao, Qi Wang, Yichen Wang, Xiaojuan Wang, Hongbin Chen and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:162

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Conventional local treatment for medullary osteomyelitis (OM) includes insertion of antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement. Nevertheless, PMMA may delivery irregular concentration of antibiotic...

    Authors: Mateus Trinconi Cunha, Maria Aparecida Murça, Stanley Nigro, Giselle Burlamaqui Klautau and Mauro José Costa Salles

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:157

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Implant-related infections, including those of peri-prosthetic joint (PJIs), osteosynthesis and other biomaterials, are biofilm-related. Pathogen identification is considered the diagnostic benchmark; however,...

    Authors: Carlo L. Romanò, Maria Teresa Trentinaglia, Elena De Vecchi, Nicola Logoluso, David A. George, Ilaria Morelli and Lorenzo Drago

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:154

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) is a rare and critical disease in Japan. Most of these cases are caused by capsulated Neisseria meningitidis strains. Non-capsulated (non-typable) strains are considered relat...

    Authors: Shun Kurose, Kyoko Onozawa, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Kenichiro Yaita, Hideyuki Takahashi, Nobuyuki Shimono and Yoji Nagasaki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:146

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