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Table 3 Prevalence of HBV-DNA positivity according to demographic and biochemical variables among diabetic patients

From: Molecular evaluation of hepatitis B virus infection and predominant mutations of pre-core, basal core promoter and S regions in an Iranian population with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study

  No. of all diabetic participants (%): 733 (100%) No. of HBV DNA negative subjects (%): 714 (97.4%) No. of HBV DNA positive subjects (%): 19 (2.6%) Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
P-value
Age groups (years)      
 26–30 16 (2.2%) 16 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.0  
 31–40 67 (9.1%) 67 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.00 0.99
 41–50 143 (19.5%) 137 (95.8%) 6 (4.2%) 0.00 0.99
 51–60 284 (38.7%) 281 (98.9%) 3 (1.1%) 0.24 (0.06–0.99) 0.05
 61–70 147 (20.1%) 141 (95.9%) 6 (4.1%) 3.99 (0.98–16.2) 0.05
 ≥ 71 76 (10.4%) 72 (94.7%) 4 (5.3%) 1.31 (0.36–4.77) 0.69
Gender      
 Male 256 (34.9%) 252 (98.4%) 4 (1.6%) 1.0  
 Female 477 (65.1%) 462 (96.9%) 15 (3.1%) 2.045 (0.67–6.23) 0.208
FBS (mg/dL)      
 ≤ 115 128 (17.5%) 124 (96.9%) 4 (3.1%) 1.0  
 116–125 89 (12.1%) 87 (97.8%) 2 (2.2%) 0.8 (0.26–2.50) 0.7
 ≥ 126 516 (70.4%) 503 (97.5%) 13 (2.5%) 1.12 (0.25–5.07) 0.88
Cholesterol (mg/dL)      
 ≤ 200 403 (55.0%) 391 (97.0%) 12 (3.0%) 0.69 (0.19–2.49) 0.57
 201–240 186 (25.4%) 182 (97.8%) 4 (2.2%) 0.97 (0.213–4.39) 0.96
 ≥ 241 144 (19.6%) 141 (97.9%) 3 (2.1%) 1.0  
TG (mg/dL)      
 ≤ 150 228 (31.1%) 219 (96.0%) 9 (4.0%) 1.0  
 151–200 239 (32.6%) 232 (97.1%) 7 (2.9%) 0.278 (0.1–1.04) 0.06
 ≥ 201 266 (36.3%) 263 (98.9%) 3 (1.1%) 0.378 (0.1–1.48) 0.16
ALT levels (IU/L)      
 ≤ 24 324 (44.2%) 318 (98.1%) 6 (1.9%) 1.0  
 25–40 256 (34.9%) 248 (96.9%) 8 (3.1%) 1.71 (0.59–4.99) 0.33
 41–80 130 (17.7%) 128 (98.5%) 2 (1.5%) 0.48 (0.10–2.31) 0.36
 ≥ 81 23 (3.1%) 20 (87.0%) 3 (13.0%) 9.60 (1.51–61.07) 0.02
AST levels (IU/L)      
 ≤ 24 464 (63.3%) 453 (97.6%) 11 (2.4%) 1.0  
 25–40 187 (25.5%) 182 (97.3%) 5 (2.7%) 0.88 (0.31–2.58) 0.82
 41–80 78 (10.6%) 75 (96.2%) 3 (3.8%) 0.61 (0.34–2.23) 0.45
 ≥ 81 4 (0.5%) 4 (100.0%) 0 (0.00%) 0.00 0.99
  1. HBV hepatitis B virus; FBS fasting blood sugar; TG triglyceride; ALT alanine aminotransferase; AST aspartate aminotransferase; OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval