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Table 3 Association of known risk factors with UTI status among the study subjects (N = 778)

From: Comprehensive assessment of holding urine as a behavioral risk factor for UTI in women and reasons for delayed voiding

Risk factor N UTI
  n % Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Consumption of caffeinated drinks
 Yes 603 165 27.4 1.1 (07–1.5) 0.87
 No 175 49 28 1 (Reference) NA
Sexual activity
 Not Active 753 208 27.6 1.2 (0.5–3) 0.69
 Active 25 6 24 1 Reference) NA
Intimate hygiene (N = 756)
 Appropriate 417 123 29.5 1.3 (0.9–1.7) 0.15
 Inappropriate 339 84 24.8 1 Reference) NA
Menstrual hygiene (N = 755)
 Appropriate 648 173 26.7 1 Reference) NA
 Inappropriate 107 35 32.7 1.3 (0.9–2.1) 0.20