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Table 4 Admission to hospital wards and intrahospital transfers

From: A retrospective cohort study of the effect of SARS-CoV-2 point of care rapid RT-PCR at the Emergency Department on targeted admission

  Period 1 (N = 386) Period 2 (N = 510) Period 3 (N = 591) Total (N = 1487)
n =  % (95% CI) n =  % (95% CI) n =  % (95% CI) n =  % (95% CI)
Admissions to ward
 Covid-19 ward 166 43 (38.2–48) 229 44.9 (40.6–49.2) 274 46.4 (42.4–50.4) 669 45 (42.5–47.5)
 Mixed Covid-19/internal medicine ward 86 22.3 (18.4–26.7) 91 17.8 (14.8–21.4) 98 16.6 (13.8–19.8) 275 18.5 (29.8–34.6)
 ICU 10 2.6 (1.4–4.7) 7 1.4 (0.7–2.8) 6 1 (0.5–2.2) 23 1.5 (1–2.3)
 Other 115 29.8 (25.4–34.5) 166 32.5 (28.6–36.7) 197 33.3 (29.7–37.2) 478 32.1 (29.8–34.6)
 Missing data 9 2.3 (1.2–4.4) 17 3.3 (2.1–5.3) 16 2.7 (1.7–4.4) 42 2.8 (2.1–3.8)
 Total 386 100.0 (99.0–100.0) 510 100.0 (99.3–100.0) 591 100.0 (99.4–100.0) 1487 100.0 (99.7–100.0)
Intrahospital transfers first 5 days
 Positive test at the ED 35 9.1 (6.6–12.3) 45 8.8 (6.7–11.6) 55 9.3 (7.2–11.9) 135 9.1 (7.7–10.6)
 Negative test at the ED 128 33.2 (28.7–38.0) 122 23.9 (20.4–27.8) 94 15.9 (13.2–19.1) 344 23.1 (21.1–25.3)
 Positive test before admission 25 6.5 (4.4–9.4) 27 5.3 (3.7–7.6) 49 8.3 (6.3–10.8) 101 6.8 (5.6–8.2)
 Not tested 3 0.8 (0.2–2.3) 11 2.2 (1.2–3.8) 3 0.5 (0.1–1.5) 17 1.1 (0.7–1.8)
 Total 191 50.0 (45.0–55.0) 205 40.2 (36.0–44.5) 201 34.0 (30.3–37.9) 597 40.1 (37.7–42.7)
ICD-10 diagnosis on discharge
 Covid-19 81 21.0 (17.2–25.3) 161 31.5 (27.6–35.7) 241 40.8 (37.0–44.9) 298 32.5 (30.1–34.9)
 Other infection 80 20.7 (25.0–25.0) 80 15.7 (12.8–19.1) 56 9.5 (7.4–12.1) 208 14.5 (12.8–16.4)
 Chest pain or heart disease 43 11.1 (8.4–14.7) 52 10.2 (7.8–13.1) 48 8.1 (6.2–10.6) 144 9.6 (8.2–11.2)
 Other respiratory tract infection 38 9.8 (7.3–13.2) 50 9.8 (7.5–12.7) 49 8.3 (6.3–10.8) 136 9.2 (7.8–10.8)
 Surgery or Urology 33 8.5 (6.2–11.8) 31 6.1 (4.3–8.5) 48 8.1 (6.2–10.6) 102 7.5 (6.3–9.0)
 Other internal medicine 31 8.0 (5.7–11.2) 29 5.7 (4.0–8.0) 38 6.4 (4.7–8.7) 93 6.6 (5.4–8.0)
 Neurological deficit or symptoms 25 6.5 (4.4–9.4) 28 5.5 (3.8–7.8) 33 5.6 (4.0–7.8) 75 5.8 (4.7–7.1)
 Respiratory symptoms 15 3.9 (2.4–6.3) 23 4.5 (3.0–6.7) 22 3.7 (2.5–5.6) 52 4.0 (3.1–5.2)
 Malignancy 15 3.9 (2.4–6.3) 12 2.3 (1.3–4.1) 14 2.4 (1.4–3.9) 38 2.8 (2.0–3.7)
 Trauma 7 1.8 (0.9–3.7) 13 2.5 (1.5–4.3) 11 1.9 (1.0–3.3) 26 2.1 (1.5–2.9)
 Abdominal pain and GI symptoms 6 1.6 (0.7–3.3) 9 1.8 (0.9–3.3) 6 1.0 (0.5–2.2) 17 1.4 (0.9–2.1)
 Other orthopedic diagnose 0 0.0 (1–0.0) 1 0.2 (0.01–1.1) 2 0.3 (0.1–1.2) 13 0.2 (0.1–0.6)
 No diagnosis 9 2.3 (1.2–4.4) 11 2.2 (1.2–3.8) 12 2.0 (1.2–3.5) 30 2.2 (1.5–3.0)
 Other 3 0.8 (0.2–2.3) 11 2.2 (1.2–3.8) 10 1.7 (0.9–3.1) 14 1.6 (1.1–2.4)
  1. Intrahospital transfers between wards the first 5 days after admission from the Emergency Department (ED) decreased after introduction of SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen detection test (Period 2) and further with the introduction of the point of care rapid RT-PCR VitaPCR (Period 3). Total number of participants in each period (N =) and in each subgroup (n =) are presented with percentage of N = and 95% confidence interval (CI), or mean value with standard deviation (SD), as indicated. P-values calculated by One-Way-ANOVA with Tukey’s multiple comparison tests