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Table 3 Risk Factors for Not Wanting COVID-19 Vaccine for Self or Child

From: Household and social characteristics associated with COVID-19 vaccine intent among Latino families in the San Francisco Bay Area

Variable TAB (n = 210 Families) P value HEN/LEAD (n = 108 Families) P value
Plans vaccine or has already received it (n=136) Vaccine nonintent (n=74) Plans vaccine or has already received it (n=78) Vaccine
nonintent (n=30)
Socio-demographics       
 Number of children in household 2.0 ± 1.9 2.2 ± 1.1 0.56 2.51 ± 1.01 2.9 ± 1.1 0.12
 Mom’s age, years 36.2 ± 5.1 34.1 ± 6.3 0.01 35.9 ± 7.1 34.8 ± 6.3 0.49
 Married/ living with partner 92.6% (125/135) 89.2% (65/74) 0.40 53.9% (44/78) 44.8% (13/29) 0.41
Socioeconomic and lifestyle variables       
 No of people living in the house 4.5 ± 1.7 5.1 ± 2.2 0.09 5.1 ± 1.9 5.2 ± 1.5 0.39
 No of people sharing bathroom 3.3 ± 1.6 3.8 ± 1.8 0.10 3.9 ± 1.5 4.7 ± 1.8 0.048
 No of people sharing a bedroom 2.4 ± 1.1 2.5 ± 0.9 0.27 2.39 ± 1.09 2.47 ± 1.01 0.44
 Adult working in household during COVID lockdown (yes/no) 77.7% (94/121) 75% (48/64) 0.68 59.1%
(39/66)
61.5%
(16/26)
0.83
Maternal education level       
 High school or less (yes/no)     84.4% (65/77) 89.0% (24/30) 0.58
 High school diploma (yes/no) 84.4% (114/135) 77.0%
(57/74)
0.18    
Language place of birth and residence       
 Spanish predominant 28.2%
(38/135)
39.2% (29/74) 0.11 94.9% (74/78) 89.7% (26/29) 0.33
 Born in USA Not available Not available   3.9% (3/78) 13.3% (4/30) 0.07
 Years in USA Not available Not available   8.1 ± 6.4 9.3 ± 7.5 0.54
Previous COVID infection/experience       
 Someone in household previously infected with COVID 16.2%
(114/136)
31.1%
(23/74)
 < 0.01 41.0% (32/78) 30.0%
(9/30)
0.29
Concern about COVID-19 vaccine side effects^       
 For self 3.4 ± 2.7 6.2 ± 3.3  < 0.01 4.5 ± 3.2 6.6 ± 3.6  < 0.01
 For children 4.5 ± 3.0 7.5 ± 2.7  < 0.01 5.3 ± 3.2 7.7 ± 3.3  < 0.01
COVID vaccine influences       
 Family 39.0%
(53/136)
16.2%
(12/74)
 < 0.01 30.8% (24/78) 6.7% (2/30)  < 0.01
 Friends 31.6%
(43/136)
17.6% (13/74) 0.03 37.2% (29/78) 33.3% (10/30) 0.71
 Co-workers 25.8%
(35/136)
12.2%
(9/74)
0.02 23.1%
(18/78)
13.3% (4/30) 0.26
 News 50%
(68/136)
36.5%
(27/74)
0.06 37.2%
(29/78)
53.3% (16/30) 0.13
 Social media 15.4% (21/136) 14.9%
(11/74)
0.91 28.2% (22/78) 33.3% (10/30) 0.61
Ethnicity       0.94
 Central American 44.2% (38/86) 49.0% (25/51) 0.87 38.7% (29/75) 40.7% (11/27)  
 Mexican 43.0% (37/86) 33.9% (19/51)   56.0%
(42/75)
55.6% (15/27)  
 South American/Caribbean/Spain 12.8% (11/86) 13.7% (7/51)   5.3% (4/75) 3.7% (1/27)  
Food insecurity       
 Food insecurity score* 1.3 ± 2.6 1.5 ± 2.7 0.34 2.8 ± 3.0 3.1 ± 3.6 0.65
Food insecurity category       
 High food security 68.6%
(83/121)
60.9% (39/64) 0.65 35.8% (24/64) 34.6% (9/26) 0.91
 Marginal food security 12.4% (15/121) 15.2% (10/64)   19.4% (13/67) 19.2% (5/26)  
 Low food security 13.2% (16/121) 18.8%
(12/64)
  28.4% (19/67) 38.6% (9/26)  
 Very low food security 5.8% (7/121) 4.7%
(3/64)
  11.5% (11/67) 16.4% (3/26)  
  1. *Higher scores are indicative of greater food insecurity as indicated by the US Household Food Security Survey Module (USDA, 2020)
  2. ^Higher scores indicate greater concern on a scale from 1 to 10