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Table 2 Predictors of HIV positivity among 2–14 year-old children in Ethiopia from multivariable logistic model obtained from L1 regularization

From: Adapting strategies for effective and efficient pediatric HIV case finding in low prevalence countries: risk screening tool for testing children presenting at high-risk entry points in Ethiopia

  Coefficients Rescaledb Coefficients Adjustedc odds ratios (95% CI)
Screening predictor Regularized MLEa   
Recurrent skin problems 2.74 2.76 (2.02– 3.51) 4 15.7 (7.5–33.3)
Enrolled from index testing or TB clinic 2.46 2.49 (1.72–3.35) 4 12.0 (5.6–28.5)
Mother deceased 1.46 1.50 (0.15–2.70) 2 4.5 (1.2–14.8)
Severe malnutrition 1.46 1.49 (0.69– 2.28) 2 4.4 (2.0– 9.7)
Urban residence 1.17 1.21 (0.20–2.40) 1 3.3 (1.2–11.1)
Missed school due to poor health 0.75 0.77 (-0.15–1.62) 1 2.2 (0.9–5.0)
  1. aMaximum-likelihood estimates
  2. bMLE coefficients rescaled to whole numbers in (1,4)
  3. cAdjusted for effects of the other covariates