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Table 4 Demographics, attitudes and behaviors around human–animal contact

From: Behavioral–biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

  Animal contact
(n = 615)
No animal contact (n = 63) p-value Animal contact (exclu dogs and cats) (n = 396) No animal contact (exclu dogs and cats) (n = 282) p-value
Gender       
 Male 265 (43%) 24 (38%) 0.45 194 (49%) 95 (34%)  < 0.0001
 Female 350 (57%) 39 (62%)   202 (51%) 187 (66%)  
Age group (in years)       
 < 10 45 (7%) 8 (13%)  < 0.0001 34 (7%) 19 (13%) 0.003
 10–19 32 (5%) 2 (3%)   14 (5%) 20 (3%)  
 20–39 132 (21%) 4 (6%)   90 (21%) 46 (6%)  
 40–59 225 (37%) 15 (24%)   149 (37%) 91 (24%)  
 60–79 170 (28%) 30 (48%)   105 (28%) 95 (48%)  
 > 80 8 (2%) 4 (6%)   3 (2%) 9 (6%)  
Education       
 None 52 (8%) 6 (10%) 0.048 34 (9%) 24 (8%) 0.78
 Primary school 303 (49%) 41 (65%)   199 (50%) 145 (51%)  
 Secondary school 154 (25%) 12 (19%)   94 (24%) 72 (25%)  
 College/university/professional 106 (17%) 4 (6%)   69 (17%) 41 (15%)  
Primary livelihood      
 Child/student 79 (13%) 8 (13%) 0.58 53 (13%) 34 (12%)  < 0.0001
 Construction 21 (3%) 0 (0%)   8 (2%) 13 (5%)  
 Crop production 105 (17%) 7 (11%)   83 (21%) 29 (10%)  
 Extraction of minerals, gas, oil, timber 48 (8%) 4 (6%)   29 (7%) 23 (8%)  
 Homemaker/unemployed 75 (12%) 8 (13%)   58(15%) 25 (9%)  
 Non-animal business 239 (39%) 33 (52%)   128 (32%) 144 (51%)  
 Military 2 (< 1%) 0 (0%)   2 (< 1%) 0 (0%  
 Zoo/sanctuary animal health care 32 (5%) 2 (3%)   25 (6%) 9 (3%)  
 Rancher/farmer animal production business 2 (< 1%) 0 (0%)   2 (< 1%) 0 (0%)  
 Nurse, doctor, traditional healer, community health worker 10 (2%) 1 (1%)   6 (1%) 5 (2%)  
 Forager/gatherer/non-timber forest product collector 2 (< 1%) 0 (0%)   2 (< 1%) 0 (0%)  
Worried about diseases/outbreaks in live animals in local market    
 Yes 332 (54%) 27 (43%) 0.09 212 (54%) 147 (52%) 0.72
 No 283 (46%) 36 (57%)   184 (46%) 135 (48%)  
Risk of open wounds       
 Yes 201 (32%) 14 (22%) 0.13 114 (29%) 101 (36%) 0.06
 No 299 (49%) 32 (51%)   208 (19%) 58 (20%)  
 Don’t know 115 (19%) 17 (27%)   74 (52%) 123 (44%)  
Action taken when scratched or bittena   
 Visit doctor 218 (51%) 20 (61%) 0.89 121(45%) 117 (62%) 0.001
 Wash wound with soap and water 91 (21%) 5 (15%)   65 (24%) 31 (16%)  
 Rinse wound with water 24 (6%) 2 (6%)   21 (8%) 5 (3%)  
 Bandage wound 42 (10%) 3 (9%)   24 (9%) 21 (11%)  
 Nothing—kept working 50 (12%) 3 (9%)   38 (14%) 15 (8%)  
  1. aExcluded participants who had never been scratched or bitten