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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants and households

From: Behavioral–biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

  Community sites (n = 473) Hospital sites (n = 205) Total (n = 678)
Gender    
 Female 314 (66%) 75 (37%) 389 (57%)
 Male 159 (34%) 130 (63%) 289 (43%)
Age group (in years)a    
 < 12 0 (0%) 54 (26%) 54 (8%)
 12–19 16 (3%) 17 (9%) 33 (5%)
 20–39 70 (15%) 66 (32%) 136 (20%)
 40–59 200 (42%) 40 (19%) 240 (35%)
 60–79 173 (37%) 27 (13%) 200 (30%)
 > 80 13 (3%) 2 (1%) 15 (2%)
Education    
 None 114 (24%) 28 (14%) 58 (9%)
 Primary school 316 (67%) 113 (55%) 344 (51%)
 Secondary school 31 (7%) 35 (17%) 166 (24%)
 College/university/professional 2 (3%) 29 (14%) 110 (16%)
Primary livelihoodb    
 Non-animal business 219 (46%) 53 (26%) 272 (40%)
 Crop production 63 (13%) 49 (24%) 112 (17%)
 Child/student 16 (3%) 71 (35%) 87 (13%)
 Homemaker/unemployed 61 (13%) 22 (11%) 83 (12%)
 Extraction of minerals, timber and bat guano 52 (11%) 0 (0%) 52 (8%)
 Zoo/sanctuary worker 34 (7%) 1 (0%) 34 (5%)
 Construction worker 16 (3%) 5 (2%) 21 (3%)
 Community clinic worker and traditional healer 10 (2%) 1 (< 1%) 11 (2%)
 Government official 0 (0%) 2 (< 1%) 2 (< 1%)
 Animal production business 1 (< 1%) 1 (< 1%) 2 (< 1%)
 Non-timber forest product collector 1 (< 1%) 2 (< 1%) 2 (< 1%)
Length of time living at the location    
 < 1 year 6 (1%) 11 (5%) 17 (3%)
 1–5 years 12 (3%) 47 (23%) 59 (9%)
 5–10 years 57 (12% 109 (53%) 166 (24%)
 > 10 years 398 (84%) 38 (19%) 436 (64%)
No. of people living in the same dwelling    
 None 2 (< 1%) 0 (0%) 2 (< 1%)
 1–5 359 (76%) 144 (70%) 503 (74%)
 5–9 106 (22%) 57 (28%) 163 (24%)
 10 and above 6 (1%) 4 (2%) 10 (1%)
Sources of drinking waterb    
 Piped in water/water tap 448 (95%) 181 (88%) 629 (93%)
 Covered well 21 (4%) 110 (54%) 31 (5%)
 Uncovered well/pond/river 28 (6%) 8 (4%) 36 (5%)
 Water truck/rainwater harvest 58 (12%) 30 (15%) 88 (13%)
Water is treated    
 Yes 279 (59%) 181 (88%) 460 (68%)
 No 194 (41%) 24 (12%) 218 (32%)
Dedicated location for human waste    
 Yes 468 (99%) 196 (96%) 664 (98%)
 No 5 (1%) 9 (4%) 14 (2%)
Containers for food storage in householdb    
 Yes, with covers 468 (99%) 197 (96%) 665 (98%)
 Yes, without covers 1 (< 1%) 4 (2%) 5 (1%)
 No 4 (1%) 4 (2%) 8 (1%)
  1. aChildren under age 12 were not eligible for enrollment at community sites
  2. bSelect all that apply to the question. Values are the percentages of total participants