Skip to main content

Table 2 Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of PLH in Johannesburg

From: Quality of life and associated factors among people receiving second-line anti-retroviral therapy in Johannesburg, South Africa

Demographic characteristics Total (N = 293) Male (n = 94) Female (n = 199) P value
Age(years)b n (%) n (%) n (%)  
 18–30 15 (5) 4 (4) 11 (6) 0.003
 31–40 129 (44) 29 (31) 100 (50)  
 41–50 106 (36) 39 (42) 67 (34)  
 51–75 43 (15) 22 (23) 21 (10)  
 Mean (sd) 42 (8) 44 (9) 40 (7)  
Educationa,b
 Primary 23 (8) 12 (13) 11 (6) 0.012
 Secondary 246 (84) 77 (82) 169 (85)  
 Tertiary 24 (8) 5 (5) 19 (9)  
Employmentb
 Employed 220 (75) 79 (84) 141 (71) 0.015
 Not employed 73 (25) 15 (16) 58 (29)  
Marital statusb
 Single 164 (56) 33 (35) 131 (66) < 0.001
 Married 129 (44) 61 (65) 68 (34)  
Behavioural characteristicb
 Tobacco use     
 Non-smoker 277(95) 83 (88) 194 (97) 0.001
 Smoker 16 (5) 11 (12) 5 (3)  
Alcohol useb
 Yes 84 (29) 34 (36) 50 (25) 0.051
 No 209 (71) 60 (64) 149 (75)  
Clinical characteristics
 Treatment regimenc
  DRV 144 (49) 49 (52) 95 (48) 0.483
  LPV 149 (51) 45 (48) 107 (52)  
 Number of adverse eventsd
  0 92 (32) 37 (39) 55 (28) 0.061
  1 85 (29) 30 (32) 55 (28)  
  2 62 (21) 14 (15) 48 (24)  
  3 54 (18) 13 (14) 41 (20)  
 Severity of adverse eventsd
  None 92 (31) 37 (39) 55 (28) 0.112
  Mild 167 (57) 46 (49) 121 (61)  
  Moderate–severe 34 (12) 11 (12) 23 (11)  
 Pill burdend
  0 41 (14) 15 (16) 26 (13) 0.087
  1 29 (10) 14 (15) 15 (8)  
  2 43 (15) 15 (16) 28 (14)  
  3 37 (13) 11 (12) 26 (13)  
  4+ 143 (48) 39 (41) 104 (52)  
  1. N/n number, DRV darunavir, LPV lopinavir
  2. aFischer’s exact test
  3. Variables collected at bScreening visit, cEnrolment visit, dover the 48-week period (scheduled and unscheduled visits)