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Table 2 Identified intervention functions

From: Developing strategies to address barriers for tuberculosis case finding and retention in care among refugees in slums in Kampala, Uganda: a qualitative study using the COM-B model

Intervention functions TB case finding and retention in care Behavioural determinant
Education Increasing knowledge and understanding of TB among the refugees to foster proper health seeking behaviour and reduce stigma Psychological capability
Training Training the private providers in TB diagnosis and management-linking them to public health facilities (public–private partnership) and incentivization of private clinics Physical opportunity
Persuasion Using communication to induce positive feels and dispel negative ones-using information educational materials (IEC), thus addressing TB stigma and fostering acceptability of TB services such as contact tracing and attending outreach services Social opportunity and reflective motivation
Enablement Facilitation for health care workers who follow-up patients in the community as well as doing community outreaches
Integration of TB services with non-stigmatizing ones like HT, Diabetes
Working with implementing partners, health facilities and local leaders to put in place regular screening for TB and other diseases specific for refugees
Physical opportunity and reflective motivation
Environmental restructuring Integration of TB services with non-stigmatizing disease services such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus during outreach campaigns
Promoting private–public partnership in TB diagnosis and retention in care
Working with implementing partners, health facilities and local leaders to put in place regular screening for TB and other diseases specific for refugees
Physical opportunity