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Table 2 Characteristics of tuberculosis participants screened for diabetes mellitus by random blood glucose excluding previously known diabetic patients (N = 1275)

From: Clinical-demographic markers for improving diabetes mellitus diagnosis in people with tuberculosis in Tanzania

Characteristics DM (≥ 11.1)
N = 36 (%)
p-value Pre-DM (7.8–11.0)
N = 82 (%)
Normal (< 7.8)
N = 1157 (%) (Reference)
p-value
Mean age (± SD) year 50 (± 14) 0.001 46 (± 18) 40 (± 17) 0.001
Mean weight (± SD) kg 61 (± 16) 0.001 55(± 15) 51 (± 13) 0.064
Sex
 Female 15 (41.7) 0.376 18 (22.0) 410 (35.4) 0.011
 Male 21 (58.3)   64 (78.0) 747 (64.6)  
HIV status
 Positive 8 (22.2) 0.710 18 (22.0) 291 (25.2) 0.518
 Negative 28 (77.8)   64 (78.0) 866 (74.8)  
On ART (n = 317)
 Yes 8 (100) 0.473 14 (77.8) 267 (91.8) 0.063*
 No 0 (0.0)   4 (22.2) 24 (8.2)  
Type of TB
 PTB 28 (77.8) 0.710 68 (82.9) 862 (74.5) 0.095
 EPTB 8 (22.2)   14 (17.1) 295 ( 74.5)  
TB history
 New TB 35 (97.2) 0.942 80 (97.6) 1122 (97.0) 0.551*
 Recurrent TB 1 (2.8)   2 (2.4) 35 (3.0)  
Bacteriological status
 Positive 17 (47.2) 0.675 47 (57.3) 582 (50.3) 0.219
 Negative 19 (52.8)   35 (42.7) 575 (49.7)  
DM symptoms
 Polydipsia (Yes, n = 51) 12 (33.3) < 0.001 10 (12.2) 29 (2.5) < 0.001
 Polyphagia (Yes, n = 72) 13 (36.1)  < 0.001 24 (29.3) 35 (3.0)  < 0.001
 Polyuria (Yes, n = 99) 18 (50.0)  < 0.001 32 (39.0) 49 (4.2) < 0.001
≥ One DM symptoms
 Yes 22 (61.1) < 0.001 37 (45.1) 74 (6.4) < 0.001
 No 14 (38.9)   45 (54.9) 1083 (93.6)  
  1. RBG: Random blood glucose
  2. aFishers Exact test was used