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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with AIDS according to TB–HIV co-infection, São Paulo State, 2003 to 2014

From: Mortality and survival of tuberculosis coinfected patients living with AIDS in São Paulo, Brazil: a 12-year cohort study

Characteristics TB–HIV co-infection Total (n = 35,515)
N (%)
p-value+
No (n = 30,934)
N (%)
Yes (n = 4581)
N (%)
Region of residence < 0.001
 SPC 10,961 (35.4) 1919 (41.9) 12,880 (36.3)  
 GSPRa 4798 (15.5) 788 (17.2) 5586 (15.7)  
 SPCA 1720 (5.6) 365 (8.0) 2085 (5.9)  
 ISPS 13,455 (43.5) 1509 (32.9) 14,964 (42.1)  
Sex < 0.001
 Male 18,964 (61.3) 3403 (74.3) 22,367 (63.0)  
 Female 11,970 (38.7) 1178 (25.7) 13,148 (37.0)  
Age group (years) < 0.001
 13 to 29 7378 (23.9) 824 (18.0) 8202 (23.1)  
 30 to 49 19,735 (63.8) 3228 (70.5) 22,963 (64.7)  
 ≥ 50 3821 (12.4) 529 (11.5) 4350 (12.2)  
Education (years of schooling)* < 0.001
 Illiterate 577 (2.3) 106 (3.0) 683 (2.4)  
 1 to 3 2985 (11.7) 528 (14.8) 3513 (12.1)  
 4 to 7 9464 (37.2) 1601 (45.0) 11,065 (38.2)  
 8 to 11 9538 (37.5) 1105 (31.1) 10,643 (36.7)  
 ≥ 12 2849 (11.2) 216 (6.1) 3065 (10.6)  
Race/skin color** < 0.001
 White 17,197 (65.4) 2215 (57.5) 19,412 (64.4)  
 Black 6372 (24.2) 1056 (27.4) 7428 (24.6)  
 Mixed race/black 2,567 (9.8) 558 (14.5) 3125 (10.4)  
 Yellow 129 (0.5) 18 (0.5) 147 (0.5)  
 Indigenous 33 (0.1) 7 (0.2) 40 (0.1)  
Area of residence*** 0.001
 Urban 29,288 (97.3) 4267 (96.5) 33,555 (97.2)  
 Rural 658 (2.2) 114 (2.6) 772 (2.2)  
 Periurban 161 (0.5) 42 (0.9) 203 (0.6)  
Year of AIDS diagnosis < 0.001
 2003 7246 (23.4) 1268 (27.7) 8514 (24.0)  
 2004 6235 (20.2) 985 (21.5) 7220 (20.3)  
 2005 6213 (20.1) 884 (19.3) 7097 (20.0)  
 2006 5745 (18.6) 761 (16.6) 6506 (18.3)  
 2007 5495 (17.8) 683 (14.9) 6178 (17.4)  
Exposure category < 0.001
 MSM 6448 (23.0) 712 (18.2) 7160 (22.4)  
 Heterosexual 18,599 (66.4) 2379 (60.9) 20,978 (65.7)  
 IDU 2751 (9.8) 788 (20.2) 3539 (11.1)  
CD4 (cells/mm3)***** < 0.001
 < 200 9530 (35.9) 1698 (50.8) 11,228 (37.6)  
 200–349 10,244 (38.6) 954 (28.5) 11,198 (37.5)  
 350–499 3194 (12.0) 339 (10.1) 3533 (11.8)  
 ≥ 500 3543 (13.4) 353 (10.6) 3896 (13.0)  
Viral load****** < 0.001
 ≤ 500 3467 (14.2) 512 (16.9) 3979 (14.5)  
 > 500 20,864 (85.8) 2517 (83.1) 23,381 (85.5)  
ARV regimenb < 0.001
 No ARV 8235 (26.6) 1838 (40.1) 10,073 (28.4)  
 Pre-HAART 27 (0.1) 1 (0.0) 28 (0.1)  
 HAART1 21,584 (69.8) 2604 (56.8) 24,188 (68.1)  
 HAART2 1088 (3.5) 138 (3.0) 1226 (3.5)  
  1. MSM: Men who have sex with men, IDU: Injection drug user; SPC: São Paulo City (Capital); GSPR: Greater São Paulo Region, excluding the capital; SPCA: São Paulo State Coastal Area; ISSP: Interior São Paulo State
  2. Total number of AIDS records ignored for the variable: *6546; **4636; ***827; ****2926; *****4423; ******6603
  3. Total number of TB–HIV records ignored for the variable: *1025; **727; ***158; ****677; *****1237; ******1552
  4. +Pearson’s Chi-squared
  5. aExcluding São Paulo City
  6. bUse of the more complex regimen