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Table 3 Risk factors for death during surge among patients with COVID-19

From: Seasonal COVID-19 surge related hospital volumes and case fatality rates

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
Age
 Below 65 Ref. Ref.
 Above 65 10.91 (8.47, 14.22) 5.76 (4.29, 7.81)
Sex
 Female Ref. Ref.
 Male 1.84 (1.49, 2.28) 1.55 (1.23, 1.96)
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white Ref. Ref.
 Non-Hispanic Black 0.57 (0.41, 0.79) 0.72 (0.50, 1.02)
 Hispanic/Latinx 0.64 (0.50, 0.82) 1.53 (1.15, 2.05)
 Asian 0.74 (0.50, 1.07) 1.64 (1.05, 2.50)
 Other 0.76 (0.46, 1.20) 1.17 (0.67, 1.96)
Elixhauser comorbidity score 1.08 (1.08, 1.09) 1.06 (1.05, 1.07)
Diabetes
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 3.55 (2.88, 4.38) 1.19 (0.93, 1.53)
Hypertension
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 4.25 (3.38, 5.38) 0.96 (0.72, 1.29)
  1. Bold values indicate odds ratios who’s 95% CI does not cross unity, indicating statistical significance
  2. CI, Confidence Interval; OR, Odds Ratio
  3. aModel adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, Elixhauser score, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, and prior myocardial infarction or heart failure