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Table 2 Comparison of general vaccination behavior and vaccine hesitancy among different population groups

From: COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among different population groups in China: a national multicenter online survey

Variables Medical workers Students General population Public health professionals P
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Do you agree that vaccines can protect you from diseases?
 No 253 (9.5) 94 (12.5) 49 (11.3) 22 (5.7) 0.002
 Yes 2403 (90.5) 659 (87.5) 385 (88.7) 362 (94.3)  
Do you agree that you will get all vaccines that the National Immunization Program or government recommended?
 No 530 (20.0) 177 (23.5) 119 (27.4) 96 (25.0) 0.001
 Yes 2126 (80.0) 576 (76.5) 315 (72.6) 288 (75.0)  
Have you ever hesitated to get vaccination?
 No 1806 (68.0) 506 (67.2) 263 (60.6) 257 (66.9) 0.026
 Yes 850 (32.0) 247 (32.8) 171 (39.4) 127 (33.1)  
Have you ever refused to get vaccination?
 No 2222 (83.7) 646 (85.8) 365 (84.1) 320 (83.3) 0.542
 Yes 434 (16.3) 107 (14.2) 69 (15.9) 64 (16.7)  
Have you ever hesitated or refused to get Pneumococcal Vaccine?
 No 1759 (66.2) 509 (67.6) 293 (67.5) 267 (69.5)  < 0.001
 Ever hesitated 636 (23.9) 204 (27.1) 119 (27.4) 82 (21.4)  
 Ever refused 261 (9.8) 40 (5.3) 22 (5.1) 35 (9.1)  
Have you ever hesitated or refused to get Influenza Vaccine?
 No 1789 (67.4) 514 (68.3) 294 (67.7) 274 (71.4) 0.180
 Ever hesitated 622 (23.4) 188 (25.0) 109 (25.1) 84 (21.9)  
 Ever refused 245 (9.2) 51 (6.8) 31 (7.1) 26 (6.8)  
The General Vaccine Hesitancy Scale scores
\(m\pm SD\)   20.33 \(\pm\) 8.59 20.32 \(\pm\) 8.11 19.87 \(\pm\) 7.61 18.48 \(\pm\) 7.51 0.001