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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of participants by different population groups

From: COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among different population groups in China: a national multicenter online survey

Variables Medical workers (n = 2656) Students (n = 753) General population (n = 434) Public health professionals (n = 384) Total (n = 4227)
Age (years) (\(mean\pm SD)\) 35.89 \(\pm\) 9.33 22.47 \(\pm\) 3.13 29.73 \(\pm\) 7.78 37.52 \(\pm\) 9.03 33.02 \(\pm\) 9.90
Gender, n (%)      
 Male 732 (27.6) 334 (44.4) 193 (44.5) 150 (39.1) 1409 (33.3)
 Female 1924 (72.4) 419 (55.6) 241 (55.5) 234 (60.9) 2818 (66.7)
Ethnicity, n (%)      
 Han 2339 (88.1) 654 (86.9) 415 (95.6) 357 (93.0) 3765 (89.1)
 Other 317 (11.9) 99 (13.1) 19 (4.4) 27 (7.0) 462 (10.9)
Residence place, n (%)     
 Urban 2408 (90.7) 496 (65.9) 355 (81.8) 361 (94.0) 3620 (85.6)
 Rural 248 (9.3) 257(34.1) 79 (18.2) 23 (6.0) 607 (14.4)
Marital status, n (%)     
 Single 667 (25.1) 721 (95.8) 263 (60.6) 93 (24.2) 1744 (41.3)
 Married 1927 (72.6) 27 (3.6) 165 (38.0) 285 (74.2) 2404 (56.9)
 Others 62 (2.3) 5 (0.7) 6 (1.4) 6 (1.6) 79 (1.9)
Education level, n (%)     
  ≤ High school 160 (6.0) 25 (3.3) 53 (12.2) 22 (5.7) 260 (6.2)
 College and above 2496 (94.0) 728 (96.7) 381 (87.8) 362 (94.3) 3967 (93.8)
Household income (past 1 year), n (%)   
  ≤ 40,000 Yuan 431 (16.2) 256 (34.0) 84 (19.4) 43 (11.2) 814 (19.3)
 50,000–100,000 Yuan 1233 (46.4) 285 (37.8) 185 (42.6) 132 (34.4) 1835 (43.4)
 110,000–350,000 Yuan 920 (34.6) 178 (23.6) 137 (31.6) 193 (50.3) 1428 (33.8)
  > 350,000 Yuan 72 (2.7) 34 (4.5) 28 (6.5) 16 (4.2) 150 (3.5)
Ever smoking, n (%)     
 No 2369 (89.2) 679 (90.2) 347 (80.0) 339 (88.3) 3734 (88.3)
 Yes 287 (10.8) 74 (9.8) 87 (20.0) 45 (11.7) 493 (11.7)
Ever drinking, n (%)     
 No 2276 (85.7) 668 (88.7) 329 (75.8) 303 (78.9) 3576 (84.6)
 Yes 380 (14.3) 85 (11.3) 105 (24.2) 81 (21.1) 651 (15.4)
COVID-19 test results, n (%)     
 Positive 12 (0.5) 19 (2.5) 6 (1.4) 2 (0.5) 39 (0.9)
 Negative 2056 (77.4) 438 (58.2) 272 (62.7) 332 (86.5) 3098 (73.3)
 Haven’t tested 588 (22.1) 296 (39.3) 156 (35.9) 50 (13.0) 1090 (25.8)