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Table 1 Characteristics of 11 cases of listeriosis in adult

From: The seasonality, steroid use, and lower ratio of neutrophil to lymphocyte associated with bacteremia of Listeria monocytogenes in Japan from 2010 to 2019: a case–control study

Sex Age (years) Days from admission to bacteremia Month Underlying disease Immunosupressant or biological therapy Symptoms N/L Complication Antibiotics Outcome
M 71 8 July Cirrhosis due to hepatitis C, brain tumor, diabetes Bethamethasone Fever, consciousness disturbance 11,025/831 None None Death
F 72 CA October Rheumatoid arthritis, sjogren syndrome, hepatitis C Prednisolone, Methotrexate Fever, headache, joint pain  < 400/ < 400 None ABPC/SBT → ABPC Lived
M 64 CA March Febrile neutropenia, prostate cancer Hydrocortisone Fever, diarrhea 6868/754 None CFPM → ABPC → AMPC Lived
M 87 CA June Diabetes, giant cell arteritis Prednisolone Fever, dizziness 9334/535 Meningitis CTRX + VCM → ABPC Death
M 77 CA June CKD due to nephrotic syndrome, amyloidosis, total gastric resection Prednisolone Fever 14,789/753 None CTM + CLDM → ABPC + SMX/TMP Lived
M 82 27 May Rectal ulcer, SSS on pacemaker None Fever, bloody stool 7039/848 None LVFX → ABPC Lived
M 88 CA July CKD, aortic stent graft, valve replacement, atrophic gastritis, None Fever, diarrhea 3901/795 None CTRX → ABPC Lived
M 63 CA June CKD on hemodialysis, renal cancer, synthetic graft None Fever, vomiting, diarrhea 4537/715 None MEPM + VCM → ABPC Lived
F 36 CA June Pregnancy, ulcerous colitis Adalimumab Fever, bloody stool 12,039/2293 None ABPC/SBT → ABPC → MEPM Lived
M 79 61 September Relapsing polychondritis Prednisolone, Methotrexate Fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, convulsion 6064/1880 Brain abscess PIPC/TAZ → ABPC + GM Lived
M 84 CA October Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema None Fever, dyspnea 5364/474 None CTRX → ABPC Lived
  1. M male; F Female; CA community-associated; CKD chronic kidney disease; N neutrophil count; L lymphocyte count; ABPC/SBT ampicillin/sulbactam; ABPC ampicillin, CFPM cefepime; AMPC amoxicillin; CTRX ceftriaxone; VCM vancomycin; CTM cefotiam; CLDM clindamycin; SMX/TMP sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim; LVFX levofloxacin; MEPM meropenem; PIPC/TAZ piperacillin/tazobactam; GM gentamicin