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Table 3 Comparison of culture growth, isolated bacteria and resistance profile with and without previous antibiotic use (with exception of cotrimoxazole or dapsone prophylaxis)

From: Spectrum of antibiotic resistance in UTI caused by Escherichia coli among HIV-infected patients in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

  Overall Previous antibiotic use  
  n = 200 Yes n = 83 (41.5) No n = 117 (58.5) p-values*
Culture growth
 Positive culture 32/200 (16) 12/83 (14.5) 20/117 (17.1) 0.62
 Mixed culture 36/200 (18) 15/83 (18.1) 21/117 (18.0) 0.98
 Insignificant bacterial growth 36/200 (18) 14/83 (16.9) 22/117 (18.8) 0.73
 No bacterial growth 96/200 (48) 42/83 (50.6) 54 (46.2) 0.54
Isolated bacteria
 Escherichia coli 23/32 (71.9) 8/12 (66.7) 15/20 (75.0) 0.70
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 3/32 (9.4) 1/12 (8.3) 2/20 (10) 0.99
 Morganella morganii 2/32 (6.3) 1/12 (8.3) 1/20 (5) 0.99
 Others† 6/32 (18.8) 3/12 (25) 3/20 (15) 0.65
Overall resistance profile
 Ciprofloxacin 11/26 (42.3) 6/11 (54.5) 5/15 (33.3) 0.23
 Nitrofurantoin 3/28 (10.7) 2/9 (22.2) 1/19 (5.2) 0.09
 Cotrimoxazole 28/29 (96.5) 11/12 (91.7) 17/17 (100) 0.41
 Ceftriaxone 3/31 (9.7) 2/10 (20) 3/11 (27) 0.99
  1. Values are n (%)
  2. *Fisher’s Exact test
  3. Others include: Acinetobacter baumannii, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter spp., Group B Salmonella,
  4. Providencia spp., Enterococcus spp