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Table 1 Characteristics of the HIV-infected patients who participated in the study

From: Spectrum of antibiotic resistance in UTI caused by Escherichia coli among HIV-infected patients in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic All participants n = 200 Female n = 123 (61.5) Male n = 77 (38.5)
Demographic
 Median age (IQR) 41.9 (34.7–49.3) 40.1 (33.8–48.7) 43.9 (36.7–50.9)
UTI symptoms
 Dysuria 158 (79.0) 89 (72.4) 69 (89.6)
 Urgency 116 (58.0) 75 (61.0) 41 (53.3)
 Increased urine frequency 121 (60.5) 72 (58.5) 49 (63.6)
 Fever (> 38.5 °C) 15 (7.5) 11 (8.9) 4 (5.2)
Comorbidities apart from HIV
 Diabetes mellitus 6 (3.0) 4 (3.3) 2 (2.6)
 History of urological abnormalities 4 (2.0) 1 (0.8) 3 (3.9)
 Others* 3 (1.5) 1 (0.5) 2 (2.6)
Antibiotics use
 Cotrimoxazole or Dapsone prophylaxis 198 (99.0) 122 (99.2) 76 (98.7)
 Duration on Cotrimoxazole or Dapsonein months, median (IQR) 110 (64–142) 107 (64–143) 115 (61–142)
 Recent use of other antibiotics 83 (41.2) 54 (43.9) 29 (37.7)
 Currently using other antibiotics 59 (29.5) 39 (31.7) 20 (26.0)
HIV history    
 On ART regimen 195 (97.5) 121 (98.4) 74 (96.1)
 Duration on ART in months, median (IQR) 103 (60–144) 99 (55–143) 111 (68–147)
  1. Values are n (%) or IQR (25th, 75th percentile)
  2. CI confidence intervals, IQR interquartile range, UTI urinary tract infection, ART antiretroviral therapy
  3. *Chronic kidney impairment, neurogenic bladder, immunosuppression due to comorbidities.
  4. Within the last month