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Table 2 Summary of the occurrence of Campylobacter species isolated from different type of samples of selected semi-scavenging duck farms

From: Occurrence and multidrug resistance of Campylobacter spp. at duck farms and associated environmental and anthropogenic risk factors in Bangladesh

Sample (N)/Species Positive (n) Occurrence (95% CI)
Cloacal swab (200)
 Campylobacter spp. 75 37.50 (30.78–44.60)
 C. jejuni 29 14.50 (9.93–20.16)
 C. coli 46 23 (17.35–29.47)
Egg surface swab (100)
 Campylobacter spp. 35 35 (25.73–45.18)
 C. jejuni 13 13 (7.10–21.20)
 C. coli 22 22 (14.33–31.39)
Soil of the duck resting places (50)
 Campylobacter spp. 15 30 (17.86–44.60)
 C. jejuni 6 12 (4.53–24.31)
 C. coli 9 18 (8.57–31.43)
Water (50)
 Campylobacter spp. 30 60 (45.17–73.60)
 C. jejuni 12 24 (13.06–38.16)
 C. coli 18 36 (22.91–50.80)
 Feed (20) 0 0
Overall (420)
 Campylobacter spp. 155 36.9 (32.27–41.72)
 C. jejuni 60 14.28 (11.08–18)
 C. coli 95 22.62 (18.70–26.92)
  1. CI confidence interval