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Table 2 Factors associated with culture-confirmed neonatal sepsis among septic neonates admitted to referral hospitals in Sana’a city, Yemen, in the period from January 15 to March 30, 2020 (N = 199)

From: Neonatal sepsis in Sana’a city, Yemen: a predominance of Burkholderia cepacia

Variable N Culture-confirmed neonatal sepsis
n (%) OR (95% CI) p value
Gender
 Female 77 60 (77.9) Reference  
 Male 122 94 (77) 0.95 (0.48, 1.88) 1.0
Gestational age (weeks)
 ≥ 37 115 89 (77.4) Reference  
 < 37 84 65 (77.4) 0.99 (0.51, 1.95) 1.0
Mode of delivery
 Cesarean section 86 57 (66.3) Reference  
 Vaginal delivery 113 97 (85.8) 3.08 (1.54, 6.16) 0.002*
Place of delivery
 Hospital 170 128(75.3) Reference  
 Home 29 26 (89.9) 2.80 (0.81, 9.87) 0.09
Premature rupture of membrane
 No 139 111(79.9) Reference  
 Yes > 18 h 60 43 (71.7) 0.63 (0.31, 1.28) 0.26
Birth weight (g)
 ≥ 2500 90 68 (75.6) Reference  
 < 2500 109 86 (78.9) 1.21 (0.62, 2.35) 0.61
  1. N, number of suspected neonates; n, number of culture-confirmed septic neonates; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. *Was confirmed as independent risk factor using binary logistic regression model (adjusted OR = 3.0; 95% CI 1.40, 6.33, p = 0.005)