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Table 2 Association of clinical and behavioral factors with Xpert MTB/RIF positive active tuberculosis among participants with chronic psychotic disorders, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (February to June, 2020) (n = 250 presumptive cases)

From: Prevalence of active tuberculosis and associated factors among people with chronic psychotic disorders at St. Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital and Gergesenon Mental Rehabilitation center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables/characteristics Confirmed TB n (%) Presumptive TB n (%) Total n (%) P-value
HIV status
 Positive 7 (15.6) 38 (84.4) 45 (18) 0.25
 Negative 20 (9.8) 185 (90.2) 205 (82)
Self-reported diabetes
 Diabetic mellitus 3 (12.5) 21 (87.5) 24 (9.6) 0.77
 Non-diabetic mellitus 24 (10.6) 202 (89.4) 226 (90.4)
Smoking
 Smokers 15 (9.8) 138 (90.2) 153 (61.2) 0.52
 Non smokers 12 (12.4) 85 (87.6) 97 (38.8)
Alcoholism
 Yes 13 (8.3) 143 (91.7) 156 (62.4) 0.10
 No 14 (13.9) 80 (85.1) 94 (37.6)
Khat
 Yes 14 (9.3) 137 (90.7) 151 (60.4) 0.33
 No 13 (13.1) 86 (86.9) 99 (39.4)  
Substance
 Yes 14 (10.7) 117 (89.3) 131 (52.4) 0.95
 No 13 (10.9) 106 (89.1) 119 (47.6)  
Illicit drug user
 Yes 8 (16.7) 40 (83.3) 48 (19.2) 0.14
 No 19 (9.4) 183 (90.6) 202 (80.8)  
Mental illness
 Schizophrenia 18 (15.3) 100 (84.7) 118 (47.2) NA
 Bi-polar 7 (11.3) 55 (88.7) 62 (24.8)  
 Depression 2 (5.3) 36 (94.7) 38 (15.2)  
 Psychosis 0 32 (100) 32 (12.8)  
Duration of institutional ( month)
 < 1 2 (3.3) 58 (96.7) 60 (24) 0.157
 1–2 9 (14.8) 52 (85.2) 61 (24.4)  
 2–3 5 (10.2) 44 (89.8) 49 (19.6)  
 > 3 11 (13.8) 69 (86.2) 80 (31.6)  
Number of patient in one ward
 13–20 7 (8.4) 76 (91.6) 83 (33.2) 0.038
 21–28 14 (16.7) 70 (83.3) 84 (33.6)  
 29–36 5 (15.6) 27 (84.4) 32 (12.6)  
 > 37 patients 1 (2) 50 (98) 51 (20.4)  
1st symptom of mental illness begins
 Less than 1 year 5 (10.9) 41 (89.1) 46 (18.4) 0.51
 2–3 years 7 (10.1) 62 (89.9) 69 (27.6)  
 4–5 years 6 (7.7) 72 (92.3) 78 (31.2)  
 > 6 years 9 (15.8) 48 (84.2) 57 (22.8)  
  1. n number, COR crude odd ratio, CI confidence interval, NA not applicable