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Table 4 Baseline characteristics, symptoms of the 200 children with pneumonia with and without small airway lesions

From: Epidemiological characteristics, clinical characteristics, and prognostic factors of children with atopy hospitalised with adenovirus pneumonia

Characteristics Total (n = 200) n (%) With small airway lesions (n = 34) n (%) Without small airway lesions (n = 166) n (%) X2/t-test P value
Atopy     6.556 0.01*
 Yes 122 (61%) 26 (76.5%) 96 (59.6%)   
 No 78 (39%) 8 (23.5%) 69 (41.4%)   
Severe infection     13.975 0.01*
 Yes 80 (40%) 21 (61.8%) 59 (35.5%)   
 No 120 (60%) 13 (38.2%) 107 (64.5%)   
Fever     0.02 0.887
 Yes 110 (55%) 16 (47.1%) 80 (48.2%)   
 No 90 (45%) 18 (52.9%) 86 (51.8%)   
Duration of hospitalization   8.2 ± 1.1 8.3 ± 0.7 0.984 0.06
Family history of asthma     35.498 0.001*
 Yes 50 (25%) 20 (58.8%) 30 (18.1%)   
 No 150 (75%) 14 (41.2%) 136 (81.9%)   
Previous chest infection     0.041 0.84
 Yes 55 (27.5%) 9 (26.5%) 46 (27.7%)   
 No 145 (72.5%) 25 (73.5%) 120 (72.3%)   
Passive smoking     0.471 0.493
 Yes 54 (27%) 8 (23.5%) 46 (27.7%)   
 No 146 (73%) 26 (76.5%) 120 (72.3%)   
Personal history of asthma/wheeze     31.165 0.001*
 Yes 81 (67.5%) 25 (73.5%) 56 (33.7%)   
 No 119 (23.5%) 9 (26.5%) 110 (66.3%)   
HAdV infection     5.937 0.015*
 Yes 120 (60%) 23 (67.6%) 97 (58.4%)   
 No 80 (40%) 11 (23.4%) 69 (41.6%)   
  1. The bold values represent the factors that are significant differences between the two groups
  2. *P < 0.05, compare with the group without small airway lesions statistically significant