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Table 3 Differences in clinical features and radiological changes between children with severe HAdV pneumonia with and without atopy

From: Epidemiological characteristics, clinical characteristics, and prognostic factors of children with atopy hospitalised with adenovirus pneumonia

Group Atopic with HAdV (n = 12) Non-atopic with HAdV (n = 28) Atopic without HAdV (n = 40)
Clinical features
 Degree of blood oxygen saturation (78.33 ± 2.35)% (80.24 ± 3.25)% (79 ± 2.16)%
 Cases of dyspnea (%) 8 (10%) 6(7.5%) 7(8.75%)
 Duration of fever (day) 7.1 ± 1.1 7.3 ± 0.8 7 ± 0.9
 Duration of hospitalization (day) 9.2 ± 1.5 9.3 ± 0.6 9 ± 1.3
 Cases of wheezing in hospital (%) 8 (10%)ab 4 (5%) 6 (7.5%)a
 Cases of wheezing after discharge (%) 6 (7.5%)ab 2 (2.5%) 4 (5%)a
 Cases of extra-pulmonary complications (%) 16 (20%) 15 (18.75%) 18 (22.5%)
Pulmonary radiological changes
 Cases have small airway lesions (on admission) 9 (11.25%)ab 5 (6.25%) 7 (8.75%)a
 Cases have small airway lesions (a month after discharge) 4 (5%)ab 1 (1.25%) 3 (3.75%)a
  1. aP < 0.05, compare with non-atopic with HAdV group statistically significant. bP < 0.05, compare with atopic without HAdV group statistically significant