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Table 4 Treatments of 144 hospitalized children with pertussis

From: Mortality risk factors among hospitalized children with severe pertussis

Characteristics Total Survivors Deaths P-value
N = 144 N = 131 N = 13
Number Number Number
Macrolide treatments     
 No use 4 3 1 0.001
 < 7 days after the onset of symptoms 15 10 5
 7–14 days after the onset of symptoms 64 58 6
 > 14 days after the onset of symptoms 61 60 1
 Azithromycin 118 108 10 0.704
 Erythromycin 28 24 4 0.281
Corticosteroid therapy 24 17 7 0.001
Immunoglobulin therapy 35 31 4 0.518
Respiratory support treatments     
 Oxygen 32 32 0 0.038
 Non-invasive ventilation 6 5 1 0.439
 Need for conventional mechanical ventilation 18 9 9  < 0.001
 Need for high-frequency ventilation 11 8 3 0.062
 The length of Mechanical ventilation > 7 days 15 13 2 0.627
Life support treatments     
 Exchange blood transfusion 11 8 3 0.062
 CRRT 6 3 3 0.010
 Inhalation of NO 4 0 4  < 0.001
 ECMO 2 1 1 0.173