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Table 1 Infection with Balantidium coli according to demographic characteristics

From: Prevalence and risk factors of human Balantidium coli infection and its association with haematological and biochemical parameters in Ga West Municipality, Ghana

  B. coli infected Farmers only (n = 26) B. coli infected household members only (n = 17) Overall participants (n = 414)  
Demographic characteristics Number examined (%) Number examined (%) Number examined (%) Prevalencea(%) Fisher’s Exact Test (p–value)
Study sites      0.34 (0.556)
 Opah 13 (50.0 %) 10 (58.8 %) 253 5.5 %  
 Onyansana 13 (50.0 %) 7 (41.2 %) 161 4.8 %  
Gender      0.72 (0.393)
 Males 19 (73.1) 10 (58.8) 237 7.0  
 Females 7 (26.9) 7 (41.2) 177 3.4  
Age range (years)      7.9 (0.019)
 ≤ 1–20 9 (34.6 %) 7 (41.2 %) 192 3.9 %  
 21–40 12 (46.2) 9 (52.9 %) 169 5.1 %  
 > 40 5 (19.2 %) 1 (5.9 %) 53 1.4 %  
Highest education level      10.9 (0.011)
 None 14 (53.8) 4 (23.5) 65 4.3  
 Primary 3 (11.5) 6 (35.3) 120 2.2  
 Junior high 7 (26.9) 6 (35.3) 169 3.1  
 Senior high 2 (7.7) 1 (5.9) 60 0.7