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Table 1 HIV and HBV status in relation to socio-demographic, clinical and lifestyle data in 325 patients with sickle cell disease

From: The prevalence of human immunodeficiency and of hepatitis B viral infections is not increased in patients with sickle cell disease in Tanzania

Characteristic Total
Number
HIV Positive
Number(%)
HBV Positive
Number (%)
Sex Male 140 2 (1.4) 2 (1.4)
Female 185 4 (2.2) 2 (1.1)
Age < 26 231 3 (1.3) 1 (0.4)
26+ 94 3 (3.2) 3 (3.2)
Marital status Never married 278 4 (1.4) 3 (1.1)
Ever married 47 2 (4.3) 1 (2.1)
Education Primary or lower 89 3 (3.4) 4 (4.5)
Secondary or higher 236 3 (1.3) 0 (0)
Occupation Unemployed or student 221 4 (1.8) 1 (0.5)
Employed 104 2 (1.9) 3 (2.9)
Previous hospital admission Yes 296 6 (2) 4 (1.4)
No 29 0 (0) 0 (0)
Reason for last admission (N = 296) Painful crisis 166 0 (0.0) 0 (0)
Anemia 85 3 (3.6) 1 (1.2)
ACS 5 0 (0.0) 0 (0)
Others* 40 3 (7.5) 3 (7.5)
History of BT Yes 243 6 (2.5) 4 (1.7)
No 82 0 (0.0) 0 (0)
Number of BT units (N = 243) 1 unit 84 2 (2.4) 1 (1.2)
2–5units 125 1 (0.8) 2 (1,6)
> 5 units 34 3 (8.8) 1 (2.9)
Hydroxyurea use Yes 61 0 (0) 2 (3.3)
No 264 6 (2.3) 2 (0.8)
Sexually active Yes 185 3 (1.6) 3 (1.6)
No 140 3 (2.1) 1 (0.7)
Condom use (N = 185) Yes 67 2 ( (3.0) 1 (1.5)
No 118 1 (0.8) 2 (1.7)
Multiple sexual partners (N = 185) Yes  68 3 (4.4) 3 (4.4)
No 117 3 (2.6) 1 (0.9)
Tooth extraction Yes 189 4 (2.1) 2 (1.1)
No 136 2 (1.5) 2 (1.5)
Tattooing Yes 2 0 (0) 0 (0)
No 323 6 (1.9) 4 (1.2)
  1. *Others = stroke, surgeries and obstetric reasons, ACS  acute chest syndrome, BT  blood transfusion