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Table 4 Binary logistic regression analysis of factors associated with Viral load suppression

From: Viral suppression among HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy in northwestern Nigeria: an eleven-year review of tertiary care centre records, January 2009–December 2019

Variables Viral load Unadjusted Adjusted
Suppressed (n = 751, %) Unsuppressed (80, %) OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Baseline CD4 (cells/µl)
  < 500 346 (46.1) 58 (72.5) 1 1.851, 5.146  < 0.001 1 1.588, 4.625  < 0.001
  ≥ 500 405 (53.9) 22 (27.5) 3.086 2.710
Years on HAART
  < 5 325 (43.3) 29 (36.3) 1 0.462, 1.202 0.228 1 0.686. 2.019 0.555
  ≥ 5 405 (56.7) 51 (63.7) 0.745 1.117
HAART regimen
 Second line 23 (3.1) 15 (18.8) 1 3.634, 14.683  < 0.001 1 3.220,15.648  < 0.001
 First line 728 (96.9) 65 (81.3) 7.304 7.208
Disease stage
 WHO stage 1 & 2 732 (97.5) 77 (96.3) 1 0.193, 2.302 0.521
 WHO stage 3 & 4 19 (2.5) 3 (3.8) 0.666
Pregnancy status
 Pregnant (20) 17 (3.3) 3 (5.0) 1 0.441, 5.455 0.494
 Not pregnant (558) 501 (96.7) 57 (95.0) 1.551
  1. Variables included in the adjusted odds ratio were age, sex, occupation, educational status, BMI categories, baseline CD4 count, duration on HAART, and HAART regimens
  2. HAART-Highly active anti-retroviral therapy