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Table 3 Critical period of infection and delay to the containment measures in nine target countries

From: Factors shaping the COVID-19 epidemic curve: a multi-country analysis

Country Delay to the first actiona Delay to the full actionb First case confirmed Peak datec Critical periodd No. of cases at peak No. of deaths at peak
Germany −2 dayse 56 days (except public transport) 27 Jan 27 Mar 61 days 50,871 342
Italy −7 dayse 41 days 31 Jan 21 Mar 51 days 53,578 4825
Sweden 39 days 65 days (except public events, public transport, and internal traveling) 31 Jan 24 Apr 85 days 17,567 2152
South Korea 12 days 36 days (except public transport) 20 Jan 03 Mar 44 days 5186 28
Mexico 1 days 32 days 28 Feb 27 May 90 days 78,023 8597
Colombia −44 dayse 20 days 06 Mar Not yet reached Ongoing Not yet reached Not yet reached
India −4 dayse 51 days 30 Jan Not yet reached Ongoing Not yet reached Not yet reached
Nigeria −36 dayse 31 days 28 Feb Not yet reached Ongoing Not yet reached Not yet reached
Nepal 50 dayse 60 days 25 Jan Not yet reached Ongoing Not yet reached Not yet reached
  1. aNumber of days after the first case until the first action
  2. bNumber of days after the first case until the full action; full action means complete implementation to close schools, close workplaces, cancel public events, ban public gatherings, close public transportations, ban internal traveling, ban international traveling, and promote public campaigns
  3. cDate with the peak number of newly confirmed cases; if the event with the highest number of daily cases was on May 30 or thereafter, it was considered “not yet reached” the peak
  4. dNumber of days after the first case until the peak date with the highest number of cases; if the peak was “not yet reached,” the critical period was considered “ongoing”
  5. eMinus values in the delay to the first action mean the countries started with initial containment measures before the first case was confirmed