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Table 2 Selected economic indicators of the nine target countries (World Bank, World Development Indicator, 2018)

From: Factors shaping the COVID-19 epidemic curve: a multi-country analysis

Name Sweden Germany South Korea Italy Mexico Colombia India Nigeria Nepal
GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2011 international $) 47,718 45,936 36,777 35,828 18,134 13,321 6888 5316 2741
Poverty headcount ratio at $3.20 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) 0.3% 0.2% 0.5% 1.8% 6.6% 10.9% 60.4%   50.9%
Self-employed, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) 9.6% 9.9% 25.1% 22.9% 31.6% 51.4% 76.5% 81.5% 79.8%
Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) 6.1% 5.7% 19.2% 16.8% 26.8% 47.2% 74.5% 77.7% 78.7%
Informal employment (% of total non-agricultural employment)       57.2% 80.3%   77.6%
  1. Source: World Development Indicators (WDI), compiled by the World Bank from officially recognized international sources.
  2. "Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded"
  3. "Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a self-employment job (i.e., jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ cooperatives, and contributing family workers"
  4. "Vulnerable employment is contributing family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment"
  5. "Poverty headcount ratio at $3.20 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $3.20 a day at 2011 international prices.”
  6. “Proportion of employed people who live on less than $3.20 (in purchasing power parity terms) a day, expressed as a percentage of the total employed population ages 15 and older.” ILO (2019). ILOSTAT database.
  7. “Percentage of the population at risk of suffering multiple deprivations—that is, those with a deprivation score of 20–33 percent.” Source: Human Development Report Office (HDRO) calculations, based on data on household deprivations in health, education, and standard of living from various household surveys. Latest data for Mexico, Colombia, India, Nepal from year 2016, Nigeria year 2017.