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Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted odds of ART initiation by sociodemographic characteristics

From: Effect of perceived HIV risk on initiation of antiretroviral therapy during the universal test and treat era in South Africa

Demographic factors Unadjusted (N = 1504) Adjusted (N = 1519)
HR (CI) p-value aHR (CI) p-value
Previous HIV test
 Yes 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 No 0.819 (0.684, 0.981) 0.030 0.897 (0.742,1.085) 0.264
HIV risk perception
 Low HIV risk perception 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 High HIV risk perception 1.014 (0.0845, 1.216) 0.885 1.027 (0.885, 1.217) 0.882
Gender
 Females 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 Males 1.262 (1.136, 1.402) 0.001 1.187 (1.060,1.329) 0.003
Age (continuous) 0.996 (0.991, 1.002) 0.158 0.997 (0.991, 1.003) 0.326
Current employment
 Employed more than 20 h 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 Employed for less than 20 h 0.953 (0.834, 1.089) 0.479 0.930 (0.810, 1.068) 0.304
 Unemployed 0.749 (0.637, 0.881) 0.001 0.767 (0.650, 0.905) 0.002
Education level
 Higher degree 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 None (primary school was not completed) 0.647 (0.330, 1.268) 0.204 0.730 (0.371, 1.436) 0.361
 Primary school 0.929 (0.597, 1.446) 0.929 1.007 (0.639, 1.588) 0.976
 Some high school (but not matric) 0.952 (0.695, 1.304) 0.759 0.983 (0.715, 1.352) 0.916
 Matric (completed high school) 0.974 (0.714, 1.329) 0.869 1.013 (0.714, 1.384) 0.936
Marital status
 Widowed/divorced 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 Married 0.787 (0.475, 1.304) 0.353 0.948 (0.554, 1.623) 0.847
 Never married (single) 0.820 (0.521, 1.291) 0.391 0.912 (0.557, 1.494) 0.715
Partner HIV status
 Yes, HIV positive 1.0 Ref 1.0 Ref
 No or unknown status 1.099 (0.971, 1.243) 0.134 1.070 (0.940, 1.219) 0.304
 Yes, HIV negative 1.050 (0.897, 1.230) 0.543 1.057 (0.899, 1.244) 0.502
  1. The bold figures represents variables which were statistically significant