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Table 3 ART initiation and clinical associations with perceived risk to HIV infection

From: Effect of perceived HIV risk on initiation of antiretroviral therapy during the universal test and treat era in South Africa

Variable High HIV risk perceptiona
N = 1382
n (%) or n (Mean ± SD)
Low HIV risk perceptionb
N = 137
n (%) or n (Mean ± SD)
p-value
Baseline CD4 count (cells/mm3) 361 (242.3) 507 (260.2) 0.027
Initiated ART within 12 months of enrolment 1310 (95.1) 125 (91.2) 0.022
Time to ART initiation (days) 4 (3.67) 11 (40.91) 0.042
Participant status at end of clinical follow-up:
 Retained in care at study clinic 1039 (79.1) 23 (29.5) 0.001
 Transferred to another HIV clinic 17 (1.4) 17 (21.7) 0.637
 Mortality 61 (4.6) 5 (6.4) 0.447
 Lost to clinical follow-up 197 (14.9) 33 (42.4) 0.027
  1. aParticipant reported the belief that they probably or definitely will be infected with HIV
  2. bParticipant reported the belief that they probably or definitely will not be infected with HIV