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Table 2 Demographic associations with perceived risk to HIV infection

From: Effect of perceived HIV risk on initiation of antiretroviral therapy during the universal test and treat era in South Africa

Variable High HIV risk perceptiona
N = 1382
n (%) or n (Mean ± SD)
Low HIV risk perceptionb
N = 137
n (%) or n (Mean ± SD)
p-value
Gender
 Males 621 (44.9) 57 (41.6) 0.025
 Females 761 (55.1) 80 (58.4)
Education
 No matric 569 (41.2) 58 (43.3) 0.025
 Completed high school (matric) 771 (55.8) 78 (56.0)
 Higher degree (university) 42 (3.0) 1 (0.7)
Employment status
 Not employed 820 (59.3) 85 (62.0) 0.024
 Yes, working ≤ 20 h per week 279 (20.2) 34 (24.8)
 Yes, working > 20 h per week 283 (20.5) 18 (13.2)
Marital status
 Married 69 (5.0) 9 (6.5) 0.027
 Never married 1295(93.7) 126 (92.0)
 Widowed/divorced 18 (1.3) 2 (1.5)
Previously tested for HIV
 Yes 1264 (91.5) 114 (83.2) 0.002
 No 118 (8.5) 23 (16.8)
Partner HIV status: n (%)
 Positive 373 (26.9) 15 (10.9) 0.001
 Negative 239 (17.3) 38 (27.8)
 Unknown 770 (55.8) 84 (61.3)
  1. aParticipant reported the belief that they probably or definitely will be infected with HIV
  2. bParticipant reported the belief that they probably or definitely will not be infected with HIV