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Table 3 Association between personal protection equipment at work and in the community and SARS-CoV-2 infection among HCW

From: A case–control study of factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection among healthcare workers in Colombia

Characteristics Negative RT-PCR n = 113 Positive RT-PCR n = 110 Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Use of High-performance filtering mask, n (%)
Always 51 (45.13) 47 (42.73) Ref.  
 Not always or another mask 62 (54.87) 63 (57.27) 1.10 (0.65–1.86) 0.72
Use of Gloves, n (%)
Always 58 (51.33) 72 (65.45)   
Not always 55 (48.67) 38 (34.55) 0.56 (0.32–0.95) 0.03
Use of Face shield or goggles, n (%)
Always 65 (57.52) 77 (70)   
Not always 48 (42.48) 33 (30) 0.58 (0.33–1.01) 0.05
Use of Surgical cap, n (%)
Always 52 (46.02) 73 (66.36) Ref.  
Not always 61 (53.98) 35 (33.64) 0.43 (0.25–0.74)  < 0.01
Used PPE properly, n (%)
Many times 108 (95.58) 97 (88.18) Ref.  
Sometimes/few times 5 (4.42) 13 (11.82) 2.89 (1–8.42) 0.05
Training PPE support, n (%)
None 20 (17.70) 9 (8.18) Ref.  
  < 2 h 60 (53.10) 62 (56.36) 2.30 (0.97–5.44) 0.06
  ≥ 2 h 33 (29.20) 39 (35.45) 2.63 (1.05–6.54) 0.04
Type of facemask outside of work, n (%)
Surgical mask 69 (61.06) 79 (71.82) Ref.  
High-performance or fabric plus surgical mask 27 (23.89) 12 (10.91) 0.39 (0.18–0.82) 0.01
Only fabric mask 17 (15.04) 19 (17.27) 0.98 (0.47–2.02) 0.95