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Table 5 PozQoL sub-scale scores and univariable analysis people living with HIV in Spain

From: Quality of life in people living with HIV in Romania and Spain

  PozQoL Health concerns PozQoL Psychological PozQoL Functional PozQoL Social
  Mean 95% CI p value Mean 95% CI p value Mean 95% CI p value Mean 95% CI p value
Sociodemographic characteristics           
Age (years): median (IQR) 3.50 3.43–3.57 0.037 2.91 2.81–3.01  < 0.001 3.40 3.33–3.48 0.010 4.05 3.95–4.15 0.296
Gender             
 Men 3.57 3.48–3.65 0.0195 2.92 2.80–3.04  < 0.001 3.49 3.40–3.59 0.004 4.13 4.02–4.25 0.0693
 Women 3.38 3.24–3.51 2.91 2.72–3.10 3.22 3.08–3.36 3.88 3.69–4.07
 Other 2.82 1.42–4.22   1.75 1.26–2.24   3.02 2.17–3.87   3.67 2.18–5.16  
Ethnicity             
 Romanian 3.56 3.48–3.64 0.0117 2.99 2.88–3.10 0.013 3.40 3.31–3.48 0.765 4.09 3.98–4.20 0.219
 Roma 3.35 3.20–3.50 2.68 2.46–2.89 3.43 3.26–3.59 3.95 3.75–4.14
Sex orientation             
 Heterosexual 3.47 3.38–3.53 0.423 2.96 2.84–3.09 0.014 3.31 3.22–3.40  < 0.001 3.95 3.82–4.07 0.006
 Homosexual/bisexual 3.53 3.41–3.66 2.7 2.52–2.87 3.63 3.48–3.78 4.23 4.07–4.39
Educational level             
 No education 3.04 2.18–3.90 0.1372 2.22 1.17–3.33 0.6316 3.46 3.01–3.91 0.001 3.33 2.09–4.58 0.1065
 Primary 3.41 3.25–3.57 2.92 2.71–3.14 3.20 3.05–3.35 3.96 3.74–4.17
 Secondary 3.53 3.43–3.63 2.95 2.81–3.09 3.40 3.29–3.51 4.07 3.93–4.20
 University +  3.60 3.46–3.75 2.88 2.68–3.08 3.65 3.49–3.82 4.24 4.07–4.42
Employment             
 Full- or part-time 3.58 3.49–3.67 0.0131 2.89 2.76–3.02 0.4066 3.52 3.43–3.62  < 0.001 4.18 4.07–4.30 0.0023
 Unemployed 3.27 3.09–3.45 2.83 2.57–3.09 3.19 3.01–3.37 3.69 3.44–3.94
 Other (student, retired, disabled) 3.47 3.29–3.65 3.04 2.82–3.26 3.19 3.00–3.38 3.96 3.70–4.23
Stable housing             
 No 3.41 3.21–3.61 0.349 3.01 2.75–3.26 0.397 3.10 2.89–3.32 0.004 3.94 3.65–4.24 0.431
 Yes (own or rent) 3.51 3.44–3.59 2.89 2.78–3.00 3.45 3.36–3.53 4.07 3.97–4.18
Money for basic needs             
 Not always 3.29 3.18–3.40 0.0000 2.78 2.63–2.92 0.0051 3.19 3.07–3.30  < 0.001 3.76 3.61–3.92  < 0.001
 Always 3.73 3.64–3.81 3.07 2.92–3.20 3.64 3.55–3.74 4.34 4.24–4.45
HIV-related characteristics          
Year of diagnosis             
 After 2010 3.47 3.34–3.61 0.474 2.62 2.44–2.81 0.001 3.50 3.34–3.67 0.175 4.14 3.97–4.31 0.330
 1995–2010 3.45 3.31–3.60 2.92 2.72–3.11 3.44 3.30–3.58 3.96 3.76–4.16
 Before 1995 3.56 3.44–3.68 3.08 2.93–3.24 3.32 3.19–3.45 4.00 3.84–4.16
ART status             
 No 2.90 1.46–4.33 0.045 1.11 0.89–1.33  < 0.001 3.25 2.11–4.39 0.748 4.44 3.35–5.54 0.354
 Yes 3.50 4.43–3.57 2.92 2.82–3.02 3.41 3.33–3.48 4.04 3.94–4.14
Adherence to ART             
 Fully adherent 3.55 3.47–3.62 0.446 2.94 2.84–3.05 0.015 3.43 3.35–3.52 0.487 4.09 3.99–4.20 0.970
 Not fully adherent 3.26 1.33–5.18 2.44 2.01–2.88 3.08 1.93–4.23 4.11 2.95–5.27
Health-related characteristics         
Self-rated health             
 Bad 2.82 2.25–3.39  < 0.001 2.69 2.07–3.32 0.551 2.42 1.92–2.93  < 0.001 3.10 2.45–3.75  < 0.001
 Fair 3.09 2.90–3.27 2.81 2.57–3.05 2.94 2.79–3.09 3.43 3.14–3.72
 Good 3.61 3.53–3.68 2.93 2.82–3.04 3.54 3.46–3.62 4.21 4.11–4.31
Physical health problems             
 No 3.57 3.48–3.65 0.019 2.97 2.84–3.09 0.133 3.51 3.41–3.60  < 0.001 4.11 3.99–4.23 0.089
 Yes 3.36 3.22–3.51 2.80 2.63–2.97 3.16 3.01–3.32 3.91 3.72–4.11
Mental health problems             
 No 3.65 3.58–3.73  < 0.001 3.01 2.89–3.12 0.014 3.55 3.47–3.63  < 0.001 4.25 4.16–4.35  < 0.001
 Yes 3.03 2.86–3.20 2.68 2.46–2.90 2.89 2.71–3.06 3.40 3.14–3.68
Total number of comorbidities             
 None 3.57 3.48–3.66 0.1427 2.91 2.78–3.03 0.6356 3.53 3.43–3.62 0.005 4.13 4.01–4.25 0.130
 1 3.47 3.29–3.66 2.98 2.74–3.23 3.25 3.08–3.43 3.95 3.69–4.20
 2 +  3.36 3.03–3.70 2.78 2.45–3.11 3.14 2.81–3.47 3.78 3.40–4.15
Polypharmacy             
 No 3.53 3.44–3.61 0.093 2.90 2.78–3.02 0.991 3.47 3.38–3.55 0.005 4.07 3.95–4.18 0.329
 Yes 3.38 3.24–3.53 2.90 2.70–3.10 3.18 2.99–3.36 3.95 3.74–4.16
Behavioral characteristics          
Binge drinking             
 Weekly 3.45 3.15–3.76 0.3978 2.89 2.47–3.32 0.3101 3.39 3.04–3.73 0.648 4.05 3.68–4.41 0.576
 Monthly 3.38 3.09–3.66 2.70 2.29–3.10 3.29 2.92–3.67 3.94 3.52–4.36
 Less than once a month 3.60 3.46–3.75 3.07 2.86–3.27 3.49 3.33–3.64 4.17 3.99–4.36
 Never 3.49 3.40–3.58 2.88 2.75–3.01 3.39 3.29–3.48 4.03 3.90–4.16
Tobacco use             
 No 3.53 3.43–3.62 0.504 2.83 2.69–2.97 0.093 3.48 3.38–3.58 0.047 4.15 4.02–4.27 0.047
 Yes 3.48 3.37–3.59 3.00 2.86–3.15 3.32 3.20–3.44 3.95 3.80–4.10
Injecting drugs use             
 Never 3.50 3.41–3.58 0.069 2.85 2.74–2.97 0.026 3.44 3.35–3.53 0.191 4.09 3.97–4.20 0.177
 Yes, previously 3.62 3.47–3.78 3.18 2.96–3.40 3.37 3.19–3.55 4.03 3.81–4.25
 Yes, currently 3.24 2.91–3.58 2.86 2.32–3.41 3.04 2.62–3.47 3.71 3.33–4.09