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Table 4 PozQoL sub-scale scores and univariable analysis people living with HIV in Romania

From: Quality of life in people living with HIV in Romania and Spain

  PozQoL Health concerns PozQoL Psychological PozQoL Functional PozQoL Social
  Mean 95% CI p value Mean 95% CI p value Mean 95% CI p value Mean 95% CI p value
Sociodemographic characteristics           
Age (years): median (IQR) 3.20 3.03–3.36 0.418 3.61 3.48–3.74 0.076 3.59 3.42–3.76 0.739 3.56 3.40–3.72 0.591
 Gender             
 Men 3.13 2.90–3.38 0.542 3.69 3.48–3.84 0.473 3.57 3.35–3.79 0.863 3.47 3.26–3.69 0.343
 Women 3.24 3.02–3.46 3.57 3.38–3.75 3.60 3.36–3.84 3.62 3.40–3.85
Ethnicity             
 Romanian 3.29 3.11–3.46 0.004 3.71 3.57–3.85  < 0.001 3.63 3.44–3.81 0.235 3.60 3.42–3.77 0.212
 Roma 2.69 2.34–3.04 3.02 2.72–3.32 3.38 3.04–3.73 3.33 2.96–3.71
Sex orientation             
 Heterosexual 3.22 3.05–3.28  < 0.001 3.60 3.48–3.73  < 0.001 3.60 3.42–3.77 0.004 3.56 3.40–3.72  < 0.001
 Homosexual/ bisexual 1.44 0.57–2.32 3.42 1.69–5.13 3.00 2.34–3.66 3.78 2.24–5.31
Educational level             
 No education 3.07 2.29–3.86 0.946 2.81 2.33–3.28 0.001 3.07 2.36–3.79 0.365 3.37 2.62–4.12 0.918
 Primary 3.08 2.44–3.73 3.17 2.61–3.72 3.47 2.92–4.02 3.44 3.84–4.05
 Secondary 3.19 3.10–3.39 3.62 3.47–3.77 3.57 3.37–3.77 3.56 3.37–3.76
 University +  3.26 2.91–3.62 3.86 3.59–4.13 3.78 3.39–4.17 3.61 3.26–3.96
Employment             
 Full- or part-time 3.36 2.96–3.77 0.070 3.95 3.65–4.24 0.014 4.09 3.6–4.57  < 0.001 4.01 3.64–4.39 0.002
 Unemployed 3.42 3.15–3.68 3.70 3.50–3.91 3.89 3.61–4.16 3.76 3.49–4.03
 Other (student, retired, disabled) 3.03 2.81–3.26 3.46 3.27–3.65 3.30 3.09–3.52 3.33 3.12–3.56
Stable housing             
 No 3.20 2.93–3.46 0.878 3.54 3.33–3.75 0.366 3.71 3.46–3.96 0.240 3.63 3.39–3.86 0.474
 Yes (own or rent) 3.17 2.97–3.37 3.66 3.49–3.83 3.51 3.28–3.74 3.51 3.29–3.73
Money for basic needs             
 Not always 3.08 2.88–3.29 0.070 3.47 3.30–3.64 0.004 3.76 3.48–4.04 0.112 3.45 3.25–3.65 0.074
 Always 3.38 3.13–3.63 3.83 3.65–4.02 3.48 3.27–3.69 3.74 3.48–4.00
HIV-related characteristics          
Year of diagnosis             
 After 2010 3.23 2.76–3.70 0.689 3.44 3.15–3.73 0.494 3.36 2.93–3.78 0.190 3.51 3.13–3.90 0.650
 1995–2010 3.12 2.88–3.36 3.65 3.44–3.85 3.50 3.23–3.78 3.49 3.23–2.76
 Before 1995 3.27 3.02–3.52 3.63 3.42–3.83 3.75 3.51–4.00 3.65 3.42–3.88
ART status             
 No 3.00 0.013 2.88 2.13–3.62 0.015 3.50 2.51–4.49 0.809 3.33   0.004
 Yes 3.20 3.03–3.36 3.61 3.48–3.75 3.60 3.42–3.76 3.56 3.40–3.72
Adherence to ART             
 Fully adherent 3.14 2.93–3.34 0.451 3.71 3.56–3.87 0.372 3.59 3.37–3.81 0.630 3.57 3.38–3.77 0.359
 Not fully adherent 3.31 2.87–3.77 3.52 3.13–3.91 3.70 3.30–4.10 3.80 3.35–4.22
Health-related characteristics         
Self-rated health             
 Bad 3.07 2.46–3.69 0.111 2.58 2.17–2.99  < 0.001 3.33 2.84–3.82 0.001 3.44 2.85–4.05 0.029
 Fair 2.88 2.53–3.23 3.36 3.07–3.65 3.11 2.81–3.39 3.18 2.86–3.49
 Good 3.30 3.12–3.49 3.76 3.61–3.90 3.76 3.55–4.0 3.68 3.50–3.87
Physical health problems             
 No 3.33 3.14–3.52 0.039 3.67 3.52–3.81 0.190 3.72 3.52–3.91 0.035 3.69 3.51–3.87 0.024
 Yes 2.94 2.64–3.25 3.44 3.14–3.74 3.29 3.0–3.62 3.25 2.93–3.58
Mental health problems             
 No 3.22 3.06–3.39 0.291 3.66 3.53–3.80 0.003 3.63 3.45–3.80 0.049 3.60 3.44–3.77 0.043
 Yes 2.82 2.10–3.54 2.75 2.21–3.29 3.03 2.48–3.58 2.88 2.23–3.53
Total number of comorbidities             
 None 3.25 3.07–3.43 0.258 3.69 3.54–3.82 0.011 3.65 3.46–3.83 0.185 3.62 3.44–3.79 0.259
 1 3.02 2.59–3.46 3.56 3.19–3.94 3.44 2.98–3.90 3.35 2.88–3.83
 2 +  3.02 2.50–3.55 2.90 2.40–3.41 3.33 2.83–3.83 3.41 2.85–3.97
Polypharmacy             
 No 3.24 3.06–3.41 0.134 3.67 3.53–3.81 0.008 3.62 3.43–3.79 0.380 3.62 3.46–3.79 0.048
 Yes 2.90 2.50–3.30 3.11 2.74–3.49 3.38 2.90–3.87 3.07 2.56–3.57
Behavioral characteristics           
Binge drinking             
 Weekly 3.17 2.61–3.72 0.579 3.34 3.10–3.65 0.314 4.22 4.08–4.36  < 0.001 3.44 2.86–4.02 0.099
 Monthly 2.76 2.14–3.38 3.80 3.34–4.25 3.21 2.74–3.68 2.73 2.09–3.36
 Less than once a month 3.27 2.84–3.70 3.64 3.34–3.94 3.52 3.12–3.91 3.60 3.26–3.94
 Never 3.21 3.02–3.40 3.59 3.43–3.75 3.60 3.39–3.80 3.62 3.43–3.81
Tobacco use             
 No 3.25 3.05–3.45 0.354 3.63 3.47–3.78 0.667 3.64 3.42–3.87 0.298 3.66 3.46–3.85 0.090
 Yes 3.09 2.82–3.35 3.56 3.32–3.81 3.48 3.25–3.71 3.37 3.10–3.64
Injecting drugs use             
 Never 3.18 3.02–3.35  < 0.001 3.59 3.46–3.72  < 0.001 3.57 3.40–3.74  < 0.001 3.54 3.38–3.70  < 0.001
 Yes, previously 4.33 3.33–5.34 4.42 4.09–4.74 4.11 2.67–5.55 4.78 4.34–5.22
 Yes, currently 2.67 3.75 4.33 3.00