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Table 2 Multiple linear regression predicting lower HRQoL score for EQ-5D utility score and PozQoL score in people living with HIV in Romania and Spain

From: Quality of life in people living with HIV in Romania and Spain

  Model 1: Adjusted model for mean EQ-5D utility score Model 2: Adjusted model for summary averaged PozQoL score
  Romania Spain Romania Spain
  Coefficient Robust standard error Coefficient Robust standard error Coefficient Robust standard error Coefficient Robust standard error
Model         
Age, years    − 0.00* 0.00     
Homosexual/bisexual      − 0.23** 0.09   
Economically Inactive − 0.05 0.03 0.00 0.03 − 0.11* 0.05 0.02 0.03
Money for basic needs, not always        − 0.08*** 0.02
Self-rated health, very bad or bad − 0.26** 0.09 − 0.43*** 0.12    − 0.15 0.11
Self-rated health, fair − 0.13** 0.05 − 0.23*** 0.04    − 0.10** 0.03
Mental health diagnosis, ever    − 0.16*** 0.03    − 0.14*** 0.04
Physical co-morbidity − 0.17*** 0.04       
  1. Negative coefficients indicate worse HRQoL whereas positive values indicate better HRQoL; explanatory variables selected a priori (age and gender) and through univariable analysis where p<0.05. Only explanatory variables with statistically significant results are shown. The Romania EQ-5D model was adjusted for age, Roma ethnicity, gender, education, employment, money for basic needs, mental health diagnosis, binge drinking, and ever injecting drug use. The Spain EQ-5D model was adjusted for gender, education, employment, month for basic needs, physical comorbidity, polypharmacy, smoking, and ever injecting drug use. The Romania PozQoL model was adjusted for age, Roma ethnicity, gender, employment, money for basic needs, self-rated health, mental health diagnoses, physical comorbidity and polypharmacy. The Spain PozQoL model was adjusted for age, migrant status, gender, and employment
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  3. Retired, student, disabled