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Table 3 Pathogens distribution of neurosurgery and non-neurosurgery groups

From: Epidemiology of patients with central nervous system infections, mainly neurosurgical patients: a retrospective study from 2012 to 2019 in a teaching hospital in China

Pathogens n (%) Neurosurgery n (%) Non-neurosurgery1 n (%)
Total 86 64 22
Gram-positive bacteria 51 (59.3) 43 (67.2) 8 (36.4)
 Coagulase-negative Staphylococcia 37 (43.0) 35 (54.7) 2 (9.1)
 Enterococcus faecium 5 (5.8) 5 (7.8)  
 Streptococcus pneumoniae 5 (5.8) 1 (1.6) 4 (18.2)
 Staphylococcus aureus 2 (2.3) 1 (1.6) 1 (4.5)
 Enterococcus faecalis 1 (1.2)   1 (4.5)
 Streptococcus anginosus 1 (1.2) 1 (1.6)  
Gram-negative bacteria 26 (30.2) 19 (29.7) 7 (31.8)
 Acinetobacter baumannii 6 (7.0) 6 (9.4)  
 Escherichia coli 6 (7.0) 4 (6.3) 2 (9.1)
 Klebsiella spp.b 5 (5.8) 3 (4.7) 2 (9.1)
 Enterobacter cloacae 2 (2.3) 1 (1.6) 1 (4.5)
 Enterobacter aerogenes 2 (2.3) 2 (3.1)  
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (1.2) 1 (1.6)  
 Acinetobacter lwoffii 1 (1.2)   1 (4.5)
 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 1 (1.2) 1 (1.6)  
 Pseudomonas oryzihabitans 1 (1.2) 1 (1.6)  
 Brucella spp. 1 (1.2)   1 (4.5)
Fungus 9 (10.5) 2 (3.1) 7 (31.8)
 Cryptococcus neoformans 6 (7.0)   6 (27.3)
 Aspergillus fumigatus 1 (1.2)   1 (4.5)
 Candida parapsilosis 1 (1.2) 1 (1.6)  
 Candida tropicalis 1 (1.2) 1 (1.6)  
  1. aStaphylococcus haemolyticus (n = 11), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 4), Staphylococcus hominis (n = 1), unidentified Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (n = 21)
  2. bKlebsiella pneumoniae (n = 3), Klebsiella oxytoca (n = 2)
  3. 1Department of Neurology, Rheumatology, Cardiothoracic surgery, Oncology, Hematology, Intensive Care Unit