Skip to main content

Table 2 Pathogens isolated from patients with CNS infections

From: Epidemiology of patients with central nervous system infections, mainly neurosurgical patients: a retrospective study from 2012 to 2019 in a teaching hospital in China

Pathogens n (%) 2012–2015 years n (%) 2016–2019 years n (%)
Total 86 39 47
Gram-positive bacteria 51 (59.3) 30 (76.9) 21 (44.7)
 Coagulase-negative Staphylococci a 37 (43.0) 24 (61.5) 13 (27.7)
 Enterococcus faecium 5 (5.8) 4 (10.3) 1 (2.1)
 Streptococcus pneumoniae 5 (5.8)   5 (10.6)
 Staphylococcus aureus 2 (2.3) 2 (5.1)  
 Enterococcus faecalis 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
 Streptococcus anginosus 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
Gram-negative bacteria 26 (30.2) 6 (15.4) 20 (42.6)
 Acinetobacter baumannii 6 (7.0) 1 (2.6) 5 (10.6)
 Escherichia coli 6 (7.0) 3 (7.7) 3 (6.4)
 Klebsiella spp. b 5 (5.8)   5 (10.6)
 Enterobacter cloacae 2 (2.3)   2 (4.3)
 Enterobacter aerogenes 2 (2.3)   2(4.3)
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
 Acinetobacter lwoffii 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 1 (1.2) 1 (2.6)  
 Pseudomonas oryzihabitans 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
 Brucella spp. 1 (1.2) 1 (2.6)  
Fungus 9 (10.5) 3 (7.7) 6 (12.8)
 Cryptococcus neoformans 6 (7.0) 2 (5.1) 4 (8.5)
 Aspergillus fumigatus 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
 Candida parapsilosis 1 (1.2) 1 (2.6)  
 Candida tropicalis 1 (1.2)   1 (2.1)
  1. aStaphylococcus haemolyticus (n = 11), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 4), Staphylococcus hominis (n = 1), unidentified Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (n = 21)
  2. bKlebsiella pneumoniae (n = 3), Klebsiella oxytoca (n = 2)