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Table 1 Baseline clinical characteristics of patients enrolled

From: A highly effective and inexpensive standardized treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: a multicenter prospective study in China

Characteristic Newly treated (n = 36) Retreated (n = 78) p value
Age (mean ± SD) 32.1 ± 12.4 35.5 ± 11.5 0.13
Male n (%) 22 (61%) 50 (64.1%) 0.34
Body mass index (BMI), kg/m2 (range) 20.8 (12–30) 19.2 (14–29) 0.54
Cavities present on Chest CT
 No cavity 18 (50%) 36 (46.2%) 0.82
 Unilateral 12 (33.3%) 35 (44.9%) 0.08
 Bilateral 5 (13.9%) 7 (9.0%) 0.14
Lesion severity
 ≥ 3 fields 22 (61.1%) 49 (62.8%) 0.55
 < 3 fields 14 (38.9%) 29 (37.2%) 0.76
Complications
 DM 5 (13.9%) 10 (12.8%) 0.35
*AEs n (%) 6 (16.67) 24 (30.77) **0.00
  1. *AEs: Patients with adverse reactions
  2. **The difference was statistically significant