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Table 2 Demographic and clinical presentations of deaths and survivors

From: Bacteriology and mortality of necrotizing fasciitis in a tertiary coastal hospital with comparing risk indicators of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio vulnificus infections: a prospective study

Characteristics (%) Deaths
(N-20)
Survivors
(N-164)
p-value
Related events    
Seawater or seafood contact 4 (20) 61 (37.2)  
Farm/dirty-water contact 1 (5) 27 (16.5)  
Vital signs    
Body temperature > 38.5 °C 2 (10) 28 (17) 0.53
Heart rate ≥ 100 13 (65) 81 (49.4) 0.24
Respiratory rate > 20 13 (65) 87 (53) 0.35
Systolic blood pressure < 90 10 (50) 20 (12.2) 0.0002*
Cultures    
Blood (P) Wound (P) 12 (60) 23 (14)  
Blood (P) Wound (N) 1 (5) 17 (10.4)  
Blood (N) Wound (P) 3 (15) 74 (45.1)  
Blood (N) Wound (N) 4 (20) 50 (30.5)  
Presence of bacteremia 13 (65) 40 (24.4) 0.0004*
Vibrio vulnificus 5 (38.5) 22 (55)  
Aeromonas spp. 4 (30.7) 5 (12.5)  
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (7.7) 1 (2.5)  
E. coli 0 1 (2.5)  
MRSA 1 (7.7) 1 (2.5)  
MSSA 0 1 (2.5)  
CONS 0 2 (5)  
β-hemolytic streptococcus 1 (7.7) 6 (15)  
Viridans streptococci 0 1 (2.5)  
Polymicrobial 1 (7.7) 0  
  1. Blood (P), culture-positive blood sample; Blood (N), culture-negative blood sample; Wound (P), culture-positive surgical wound sample; Wound (N), culture-negative surgical wound sample; CONS, Coagulase negative Staphylococcus
  2. *Mean p < 0.05 and the difference was significant