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Table 4 Risk factor for case-fatality: logistic regression analysis

From: Seizure in HIV-infected patients: clinical presentation, cause and treatment outcome in Ethiopia—a retrospective study

Factor n % Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age (year)     
 ≥ 40 20 54.1 1.00 1.00
 < 40 57 52.3 0.932 (0.441–1.968) 0.67o (0.274–1.641)
Sex     
 Female 35 53.8 1.00 1.00
 Male 42 51.9 0.923 (0.480–1.775) 0.922 (0.429–1.983)
Address     
 Outside Addis Ababa 10 35.7 1.00 1.00
 Addis Ababa 67 56.8 2.365 (1.006–5.558) 3.428 (1.240–9.479)
Admitted to     
 Intensive care unit 3 33.3 1.00 1.00
 Ward 74 54 2.349 (0.564–9.778) 2.818 (0.506–15.686)
Seizure started     
 Before admission 37 44 1.00 1.00
 After admission 40 64.5 2.310 (1.175–4.538) 2.017 (0.889–4.575)
Status epilepticus     
 No 65 54.2 1.00 1.00
 Yes 12 46.2 0.725 (0.310–1.698) 0.526 (0.156–1.781)
Change in mentation at initial evaluation     
 No 9 25.7 1.00 1.00
 Yes 68 61.3 4.568 (1.955–10.675) 3.981 (1.475–10.749)
Comatose at initial evaluation     
 No 44 45.8 1.00 1.00
 Yes 33 66 2.294 (1.128–4.664) 2.035 (0.828–5.005)
CD4 count     
 ≥ 200 32 58.2 1.00 1.00
 < 200 45 49.5 0.703 (0.358–1.381) 0.730 (0.313–1.703)
Antiretroviral therapy     
 No 48 57 1.00 1.00
 Yes 29 46.8 0.659 (0.341–1.275) 0.632 (0.268–1.493)