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Table 3 The causes of seizure by outcome in 146 HIV infected patients

From: Seizure in HIV-infected patients: clinical presentation, cause and treatment outcome in Ethiopia—a retrospective study

Cause of seizure Total (146) Dead (n = 77, 52.7%) Alive (n = 69,47.3%)
Cerebral toxoplasmosis 67 29 (43.3%) 38 (56.7%)
Tuberculous meningitis 52 34 (65.4%) 18 (34.6%)
Cryptococcal meningitis 20 13 (65%) 7 (35%)
PML 7 3 (42.9%) 4 (57.1%)
neurosyphilis 4 2 (50%) 2 (50%)
Bacterial meningitis 3 1 (33.3%) 2 (66.7%)
stroke 3 2 (66.7%) 1 (33.3%)
Uremic encephalopathy 2 2 (100%) 0
Unknown (except HIV infection) 2 0 2 (100%)
Others 3 2 (66.7%) 1 (33.3%)
  1. Others: HIV encephalopathy/dementia = 1, neurocysticercosis n = 1, primary CNS lymphoma n = 1.
  2. Note that more than one possible cause of seizure was possible in some patients