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Table 1 Clinical profile of HIV-infected patients with seizure by outcome status, n = 146

From: Seizure in HIV-infected patients: clinical presentation, cause and treatment outcome in Ethiopia—a retrospective study

  Total (n = 146) Dead (n = 77) Alive (n = 69)
Sex    
 Male 81 (55.5%) 42 (51.9%) 39 (48.1%)
 Female 65 (44.5%) 35 (53.8%) 30 (46.2%)
Age    
 Mean [SD] 34[8.4] 33.78[8.6] 34.3[8.3]
 Median 33 32 34
 Range 51 41 45
Seizure type    
 Simple focal 16 (11%) 11 (68.8%) 5 (31.3%)
 FWSG 29 (19.9%) 12 (41.4%) 17 (58.6%)
 Prim gener 101 (69.2%) 54 (53.5%) 47 (46.5%)
Status epilepticus    
 Yes 26 (17.8%) 12 (46.2%) 14 (53.8%)
 No 120 (82.2%) 65 (54.2%) 55 (45.8%)
Level of consciousness at initial evaluation    
 Alert 35 (24%) 9 (25.7%) 26 (74.3%)
 Confused/stuporous 61 (41.8%) 35 (57.4%) 26 (42.6%)
 Comatose 50 (34.2%) 33 (66%) 17 (34%)
GCS at initial evaluation    
 ≥ 13 13 (8.9%) 5 (38.5%) 8 (61.5%)
 9–12 26 (17.8%) 16 (61.5%) 10 (38.5%)
 ≤ 8 48 (32.9%) 33 (68.8%) 15 (31.3%)
 Unknown 59 (40.4%) 23 (39%) 36 (61%)
  1. FWSG focal with secondary generalization, prim gener primarily generalized, GCS Glasgow coma scale