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Table 3 PICOS table

From: Reducing burden from respiratory infections in refugees and immigrants: a systematic review of interventions in OECD, EU, EEA and EU-applicant countries

P Refugees[40]
Asylum seekers[40]
Migrant hard-to-reach populations[41]
Living in the geographical territory of OECD[42], EU[43], EEA[45] and EU-applicant [46] countries
I All interventions targeting to lower incidence, prevalence, transmission, or mortality of one or more of the following respiratory infections:
  Upper respiratory infections Lower respiratory infections Included edge-cases Separate pathogens
  Sinusitis
Otitis
Stomatitis (+Herpes)
Catarrh
Laryngitis
Epiglottitis
Scarlet fever Rhinoscleroma
Nasopharyngitis
Rhinitis (+Coryza)
Diphtheria
Tonsillitis
Pharyngitis
Supraglottitis
Pneumonia
Pseudo-Croup
Pleuritis
Empyema
Tracheitis
Bronchitis
Bronchiolitis (+obstr.)
Bronchopneumonia
Pleuropneumonia
Pertussis
Abscesses:
 Mediastinal
 Peritonsillar
 Retropharyngeal
 Lung
Influenza
Mumps
Measles
Mononucleosis
Chickenpox
Haemophilus
Measles virus
Influenza virus
EBV
RSV
Mumps virus
Varicella
Adenovirus
Pasteurella
C. diphtheriae
Pneumococcus
Bordetella
Legionellosis
Aspergillosis
Blastocysts
Blastomycosis
Histoplasmosis
Mycoplasma
  These interventions include strategies for outbreak prevention, any type of vaccination campaign, local health care arrangements, individual or institutional health literacy interventions pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical prevention and treatment strategies and housing interventions
C Refugees and immigrants not (yet) having had access to the respective intervention
O Effect of intervention measured by change of:
Incidence or prevalence of respiratory infections
Mortality of respiratory infections
Delay to diagnosis or delay to treatment of respiratory infections
Transmission and secondary case-numbers of respiratory infections
S All controlled studies including studies with pre-test/post-test-design and non-randomised intervention studies